Table of contents

Ontologies (1):

Erlangen CRM / OWL

Classes (85):

E1 CRM Entity , E10 Transfer of Custody , E11 Modification , E12 Production , E13 Attribute Assignment , E14 Condition Assessment , E15 Identifier Assignment , E16 Measurement , E17 Type Assignment , E18 Physical Thing , E19 Physical Object , E2 Temporal Entity , E20 Biological Object , E21 Person , E22 Man-Made Object , E24 Physical Man-Made Thing , E25 Man-Made Feature , E26 Physical Feature , E27 Site , E28 Conceptual Object , E29 Design or Procedure , E3 Condition State , E30 Right , E31 Document , E32 Authority Document , E33 Linguistic Object , E34 Inscription , E35 Title , E36 Visual Item , E37 Mark , E38 Image , E39 Actor , E4 Period , E40 Legal Body , E41 Appellation , E42 Identifier , E44 Place Appellation , E45 Address , E46 Section Definition , E47 Spatial Coordinates , E48 Place Name , E49 Time Appellation , E5 Event , E50 Date , E51 Contact Point , E52 Time-Span , E53 Place , E54 Dimension , E55 Type , E56 Language , E57 Material , E58 Measurement Unit , E6 Destruction , E63 Beginning of Existence , E64 End of Existence , E65 Creation , E66 Formation , E67 Birth , E68 Dissolution , E69 Death , E7 Activity , E70 Thing , E71 Man-Made Thing , E72 Legal Object , E73 Information Object , E74 Group , E75 Conceptual Object Appellation , E77 Persistent Item , E78 Collection , E79 Part Addition , E8 Acquisition , E80 Part Removal , E81 Transformation , E82 Actor Appellation , E83 Type Creation , E84 Information Carrier , E85 Joining , E86 Leaving , E87 Curation Activity , E89 Propositional Object , E9 Move , E90 Symbolic Object , E91 Co-Reference Assignment , E92 Spacetime Volume , E93 Spacetime Snapshot

Properties (283):

P1 identifies , P1 is identified by , P10 contains , P10 falls within , P100 died in , P100 was death of , P101 had as general use , P101 was use of , P102 has title , P102 is title of , P103 was intended for , P103 was intention of , P104 applies to , P104 is subject to , P105 has right on , P105 right held by , P106 forms part of , P106 is composed of , P107 has current or former member , P107 is current or former member of , P108 has produced , P108 was produced by , P109 has current or former curator , P109 is current or former curator of , P11 had participant , P11 participated in , P110 augmented , P110 was augmented by , P111 added , P111 was added by , P112 diminished , P112 was diminished by , P113 removed , P113 was removed by , P114 is equal in time to , P115 finishes , P115 is finished by , P116 is started by , P116 starts , P117 includes , P117 occurs during , P118 is overlapped in time by , P118 overlaps in time with , P119 is met in time by , P119 meets in time with , P12 occurred in the presence of , P12 was present at , P120 occurs after , P120 occurs before , P121 overlaps with , P122 borders with , P123 resulted from , P123 resulted in , P124 transformed , P124 was transformed by , P125 used object of type , P125 was type of object used in , P126 employed , P126 was employed in , P127 has broader term , P127 has narrower term , P128 carries , P128 is carried by , P129 is about , P129 is subject of , P13 destroyed , P13 was destroyed by , P130 features are also found on , P130 shows features of , P131 identifies , P131 is identified by , P132 overlaps with , P133 is separated from , P134 continued , P134 was continued by , P135 created type , P135 was created by , P136 supported type creation , P136 was based on , P137 exemplifies , P137 is exemplified by , P138 has representation , P138 represents , P139 has alternative form , P14 carried out by , P14 performed , P140 assigned attribute to , P140 was attributed by , P141 assigned , P141 was assigned by , P142 used constituent , P142 was used in , P143 joined , P143 was joined by , P144 gained member by , P144 joined with , P145 left by , P145 separated , P146 lost member by , P146 separated from , P147 curated , P147 was curated by , P148 has component , P148 is component of , P149 identifies , P149 is identified by , P15 influenced , P15 was influenced by , P150 defines typical parts of , P150 defines typical wholes for , P151 participated in , P151 was formed from , P152 has parent , P152 is parent of , P153 assigned co-reference to , P153 was regarded to co-refer by , P154 assigned non co-reference to , P154 was regarded not to co-refer by , P155 has co-reference target , P155 is co-reference target of , P156 occupies , P157 is at rest relative to , P157 occupied , P158 occupied , P159 occupied , P16 used specific object , P16 was used for , P160 has temporal projection , P161 has spatial projection , P162 is restricted by , P163 is restricted by , P164 is restricted by , P17 motivated , P17 was motivated by , P19 was intended use of , P19 was made for , P2 has type , P2 is type of , P20 had specific purpose , P20 was purpose of , P21 had general purpose , P21 was purpose of , P22 acquired title through , P22 transferred title to , P23 surrendered title through , P23 transferred title from , P24 changed ownership through , P24 transferred title of , P25 moved , P25 moved by , P26 moved to , P26 was destination of , P27 moved from , P27 was origin of , P28 custody surrendered by , P28 surrendered custody through , P29 custody received by , P29 received custody through , P3 has note , P30 custody transferred through , P30 transferred custody of , P31 has modified , P31 was modified by , P32 used general technique , P32 was technique of , P33 used specific technique , P33 was used by , P34 concerned , P34 was assessed by , P35 has identified , P35 was identified by , P37 assigned , P37 was assigned by , P38 deassigned , P38 was deassigned by , P39 measured , P39 was measured by , P4 has time-span , P4 is time-span of , P40 observed dimension , P40 was observed in , P41 classified , P41 was classified by , P42 assigned , P42 was assigned by , P43 has dimension , P43 is dimension of , P44 has condition , P44 is condition of , P45 consists of , P45 is incorporated in , P46 forms part of , P46 is composed of , P48 has preferred identifier , P48 is preferred identifier of , P49 has former or current keeper , P49 is former or current keeper of , P5 consists of , P5 forms part of , P50 has current keeper , P50 is current keeper of , P51 has former or current owner , P51 is former or current owner of , P52 has current owner , P52 is current owner of , P53 has former or current location , P53 is former or current location of , P54 has current permanent location , P54 is current permanent location of , P55 currently holds , P55 has current location , P56 bears feature , P56 is found on , P57 has number of parts , P58 defines section , P58 has section definition , P59 has section , P59 is located on or within , P62 depicts , P62 is depicted by , P65 is shown by , P65 shows visual item , P67 is referred to by , P67 refers to , P68 foresees use of , P68 use foreseen by , P69 has association with , P69 is associated with , P7 took place at , P7 witnessed , P70 documents , P70 is documented in , P71 is listed in , P71 lists , P72 has language , P72 is language of , P73 has translation , P73 is translation of , P74 has current or former residence , P74 is current or former residence of , P75 is possessed by , P75 possesses , P76 has contact point , P76 provides access to , P78 identifies , P78 is identified by , P79 beginning is qualified by , P8 took place on or within , P8 witnessed , P80 end is qualified by , P81 ongoing throughout , P82 at some time within , P83 had at least duration , P83 was minimum duration of , P84 had at most duration , P84 was maximum duration of , P86 contains , P86 falls within , P87 identifies , P87 is identified by , P89 contains , P89 falls within , P9 consists of , P9 forms part of , P90 has value , P91 has unit , P91 is unit of , P92 brought into existence , P92 was brought into existence by , P93 took out of existence , P93 was taken out of existence by , P94 has created , P94 was created by , P95 has formed , P95 was formed by , P96 by mother , P96 gave birth , P97 from father , P97 was father for , P98 brought into life , P98 was born , P99 dissolved , P99 was dissolved by


Glossary (369 entries)

Ontologies

Erlangen CRM / OWL

Erlangen CRM / OWL (Ontology) VC Definition

Changelog: https://github.com/erlangen-crm/ecrm/commits/master

Version Control information

Version
ECRM 140617 / CIDOC-CRM 5.1.2(draft)

Definition

The URI of this ontology is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/


Classes

E1 CRM Entity , E10 Transfer of Custody , E11 Modification , E12 Production , E13 Attribute Assignment , E14 Condition Assessment , E15 Identifier Assignment , E16 Measurement , E17 Type Assignment , E18 Physical Thing , E19 Physical Object , E2 Temporal Entity , E20 Biological Object , E21 Person , E22 Man-Made Object , E24 Physical Man-Made Thing , E25 Man-Made Feature , E26 Physical Feature , E27 Site , E28 Conceptual Object , E29 Design or Procedure , E3 Condition State , E30 Right , E31 Document , E32 Authority Document , E33 Linguistic Object , E34 Inscription , E35 Title , E36 Visual Item , E37 Mark , E38 Image , E39 Actor , E4 Period , E40 Legal Body , E41 Appellation , E42 Identifier , E44 Place Appellation , E45 Address , E46 Section Definition , E47 Spatial Coordinates , E48 Place Name , E49 Time Appellation , E5 Event , E50 Date , E51 Contact Point , E52 Time-Span , E53 Place , E54 Dimension , E55 Type , E56 Language , E57 Material , E58 Measurement Unit , E6 Destruction , E63 Beginning of Existence , E64 End of Existence , E65 Creation , E66 Formation , E67 Birth , E68 Dissolution , E69 Death , E7 Activity , E70 Thing , E71 Man-Made Thing , E72 Legal Object , E73 Information Object , E74 Group , E75 Conceptual Object Appellation , E77 Persistent Item , E78 Collection , E79 Part Addition , E8 Acquisition , E80 Part Removal , E81 Transformation , E82 Actor Appellation , E83 Type Creation , E84 Information Carrier , E85 Joining , E86 Leaving , E87 Curation Activity , E89 Propositional Object , E9 Move , E90 Symbolic Object , E91 Co-Reference Assignment , E92 Spacetime Volume , E93 Spacetime Snapshot

E1 CRM Entity (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises all things in the universe of discourse of the CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model. It is an abstract concept providing for three general properties: 1. Identification by name or appellation, and in particular by a preferred identifier 2. Classification by type, allowing further refinement of the specific subclass an instance belongs to 3. Attachment of free text for the expression of anything not captured by formal properties With the exception of E59 Primitive Value, all other classes within the CRM are directly or indirectly specialisations of E1 CRM Entity. Examples: - the earthquake in Lisbon 1755 (E5)

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E1_CRM_Entity


This class is a super class of E2 Temporal Entity E52 Time-Span E53 Place E54 Dimension E77 Persistent Item E92 Spacetime Volume

E10 Transfer of Custody (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises transfers of physical custody of objects between instances of E39 Actor. The recording of the donor and/or recipient is optional. It is possible that in an instance of E10 Transfer of Custody there is either no donor or no recipient. Depending on the circumstances it may describe: 1. the beginning of custody 2. the end of custody 3. the transfer of custody 4. the receipt of custody from an unknown source 5. the declared loss of an object The distinction between the legal responsibility for custody and the actual physical possession of the object should be expressed using the property P2 has type (is type of). A specific case of transfer of custody is theft. The interpretation of the museum notion of "accession" differs between institutions. The CRM therefore models legal ownership and physical custody separately. Institutions will then model their specific notions of accession and deaccession as combinations of these. Examples: - the delivery of the paintings by Secure Deliveries Inc. to the National Gallery - the return of Picasso's "Guernica" to Madrid's Prado in 1981

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E10_Transfer_of_Custody


This class is a sub class of E7 Activity

E11 Modification (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises all instances of E7 Activity that create, alter or change E24 Physical Man-Made Thing. This class includes the production of an item from raw materials, and other so far undocumented objects, and the preventive treatment or restoration of an object for conservation. Since the distinction between modification and production is not always clear, modification is regarded as the more generally applicable concept. This implies that some items may be consumed or destroyed in a Modification, and that others may be produced as a result of it. An event should also be documented using E81 Transformation if it results in the destruction of one or more objects and the simultaneous production of others using parts or material from the originals. In this case, the new items have separate identities. If the instance of the E29 Design or Procedure utilised for the modification prescribes the use of specific materials, they should be documented using property P68 foresees use of (use foreseen by): E57 Material of E29 Design or Procedure, rather than via P126 employed (was employed in): E57 Material. Examples: - the construction of the SS Great Britain (E12) - the impregnation of the Vasa warship in Stockholm for preservation after 1956 - the transformation of the Enola Gay into a museum exhibit by the National Air and Space Museum in Washington DC between 1993 and 1995 (E12, E81) - the last renewal of the gold coating of the Toshogu shrine in Nikko, Japan

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E11_Modification


This class is a sub class of E7 Activity
This class is a super class of E12 Production E79 Part Addition E80 Part Removal

E12 Production (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises activities that are designed to, and succeed in, creating one or more new items. It specializes the notion of modification into production. The decision as to whether or not an object is regarded as new is context sensitive. Normally, items are considered "new" if there is no obvious overall similarity between them and the consumed items and material used in their production. In other cases, an item is considered "new" because it becomes relevant to documentation by a modification. For example, the scribbling of a name on a potsherd may make it a voting token. The original potsherd may not be worth documenting, in contrast to the inscribed one. This entity can be collective: the printing of a thousand books, for example, would normally be considered a single event. An event should also be documented using E81 Transformation if it results in the destruction of one or more objects and the simultaneous production of others using parts or material from the originals. In this case, the new items have separate identities and matter is preserved, but identity is not. Examples: - the construction of the SS Great Britain - the first casting from the Little Mermaid at the harbour of Copenhagen - Rembrandt's creating of the seventh state of his etching "Woman sitting half dressed beside a stove", 1658, identified by Bartsch Number 197 (E12,E65,E81)

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E12_Production


This class is a sub class of E11 Modification E63 Beginning of Existence

In use

This class is used in P108 has produced P108 was produced by

E13 Attribute Assignment (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises the actions of making assertions about properties of an object or any relation between two items or concepts. This class allows the documentation of how the respective assignment came about, and whose opinion it was. All the attributes or properties assigned in such an action can also be seen as directly attached to the respective item or concept, possibly as a collection of contradictory values. All cases of properties in this model that are also described indirectly through an action are characterised as "short cuts" of this action. This redundant modelling of two alternative views is preferred because many implementations may have good reasons to model either the action or the short cut, and the relation between both alternatives can be captured by simple rules. In particular, the class describes the actions of people making propositions and statements during certain museum procedures, e.g. the person and date when a condition statement was made, an identifier was assigned, the museum object was measured, etc. Which kinds of such assignments and statements need to be documented explicitly in structures of a schema rather than free text, depends on if this information should be accessible by structured queries. Examples: - the assessment of the current ownership of Martin Doerr's silver cup in February 1997

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E13_Attribute_Assignment


This class is a sub class of E7 Activity
This class is a super class of E14 Condition Assessment E15 Identifier Assignment E16 Measurement E17 Type Assignment E91 Co-Reference Assignment

E14 Condition Assessment (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class describes the act of assessing the state of preservation of an object during a particular period. The condition assessment may be carried out by inspection, measurement or through historical research. This class is used to document circumstances of the respective assessment that may be relevant to interpret its quality at a later stage, or to continue research on related documents. Examples: - last year's inspection of humidity damage to the frescos in the St. George chapel in our village

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E14_Condition_Assessment


This class is a sub class of E13 Attribute Assignment

E15 Identifier Assignment (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises activities that result in the allocation of an identifier to an instance of E1 CRM Entity. An E15 Identifier Assignment may include the creation of the identifier from multiple constituents, which themselves may be instances of E41 Appellation. The syntax and kinds of constituents to be used may be declared in a rule constituting an instance of E29 Design or Procedure. Examples of such identifiers include Find Numbers, Inventory Numbers, uniform titles in the sense of librarianship and Digital Object Identifiers (DOI). Documenting the act of identifier assignment and deassignment is especially useful when objects change custody or the identification system of an organization is changed. In order to keep track of the identity of things in such cases, it is important to document by whom, when and for what purpose an identifier is assigned to an item. The fact that an identifier is a preferred one for an organisation can be expressed by using the property E1 CRM Entity. P4 has preferred identifier (is preferred identifier of): E42 Identifier. It can better be expressed in a context independent form by assigning a suitable E55 Type, such as "preferred identifier assignment", to the respective instance of E15 Identifier Assignment via the P2 has type property. Examples: - replacement of the inventory number TA959a by GE34604 for a 17th century lament cloth at the Museum Benaki, Athens - assigning the author-uniform title heading "Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 1749-1832.Faust. 1. Theil." for a work (E28) - on June 1, 2001 assigning the personal name heading "Guillaume, de Machaut, ca. 1300-1377" (E42,E82) to Guillaume de Machaut (E21)

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E15_Identifier_Assignment


This class is a sub class of E13 Attribute Assignment

E16 Measurement (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises actions measuring physical properties and other values that can be determined by a systematic procedure. Examples include measuring the monetary value of a collection of coins or the running time of a specific video cassette. The E16 Measurement may use simple counting or tools, such as yardsticks or radiation detection devices. The interest is in the method and care applied, so that the reliability of the result may be judged at a later stage, or research continued on the associated documents. The date of the event is important for dimensions, which may change value over time, such as the length of an object subject to shrinkage. Details of methods and devices are best handled as free text, whereas basic techniques such as "carbon 14 dating" should be encoded using P2 has type (is type of:) E55 Type. Examples: - measurement of height of silver cup 232 on the 31st August 1997 - the carbon 14 dating of the "Schoeninger Speer II" in 1996 [an about 400.000 years old Palaeolithic complete wooden spear found in Schoeningen, Niedersachsen, Germany in 1995]

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E16_Measurement


This class is a sub class of E13 Attribute Assignment

E17 Type Assignment (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises the actions of classifying items of whatever kind. Such items include objects, specimens, people, actions and concepts. This class allows for the documentation of the context of classification acts in cases where the value of the classification depends on the personal opinion of the classifier, and the date that the classification was made. This class also encompasses the notion of "determination", i.e. the systematic and molecular identification of a specimen in biology. Examples: - the first classification of object GE34604 as Lament Cloth, October 2nd - the determination of a cactus in Martin Doerr's garden as 'Cereus hildmannianus K.Schumann', July 2003

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E17_Type_Assignment


This class is a sub class of E13 Attribute Assignment

E18 Physical Thing (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises all persistent physical items with a relatively stable form, man-made or natural. Depending on the existence of natural boundaries of such things, the CRM distinguishes the instances of E19 Physical Object from instances of E26 Physical Feature, such as holes, rivers, pieces of land etc. Most instances of E19 Physical Object can be moved (if not too heavy), whereas features are integral to the surrounding matter. The CRM is generally not concerned with amounts of matter in fluid or gaseous states. Examples: - the Cullinan Diamond (E19) - the cave "Ideon Andron" in Crete (E26) - the Mona Lisa (E22)

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E18_Physical_Thing


This class is a sub class of E72 Legal Object
This class is a super class of E19 Physical Object E24 Physical Man-Made Thing E26 Physical Feature
This class is a disjoint class of E28 Conceptual Object

E19 Physical Object (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises items of a material nature that are units for documentation and have physical boundaries that separate them completely in an objective way from other objects. The class also includes all aggregates of objects made for functional purposes of whatever kind, independent of physical coherence, such as a set of chessmen. Typically, instances of E19 Physical Object can be moved (if not too heavy). In some contexts, such objects, except for aggregates, are also called "bona fide objects" (Smith & Varzi, 2000, pp.401-420), i.e. naturally defined objects. The decision as to what is documented as a complete item, rather than by its parts or components, may be a purely administrative decision or may be a result of the order in which the item was acquired. Examples: - John Smith - Aphrodite of Milos - the Palace of Knossos - the Cullinan diamond - Apollo 13 at the time of launch

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E19_Physical_Object


This class is a sub class of E18 Physical Thing
This class is a super class of E20 Biological Object E22 Man-Made Object

E2 Temporal Entity (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises all phenomena, such as the instances of E4 Periods, E5 Events and states, which happen over a limited extent in time. In some contexts, these are also called perdurants. This class is disjoint from E77 Persistent Item. This is an abstract class and has no direct instances. E2 Temporal Entity is specialized into E4 Period, which applies to a particular geographic area (defined with a greater or lesser degree of precision), and E3 Condition State, which applies to instances of E18 Physical Thing. Examples: - Bronze Age (E4) - the earthquake in Lisbon 1755 (E5) - the Peterhof Palace near Saint Petersburg being in ruins from 1944 – 1946 (E3)

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E2_Temporal_Entity


This class is a sub class of E1 CRM Entity
This class is a super class of E3 Condition State E4 Period
This class is a disjoint class of E77 Persistent Item

E20 Biological Object (OWL Class) Definition

Scope note: This class comprises individual items of a material nature, which live, have lived or are natural products of or from living organisms. Artificial objects that incorporate biological elements, such as Victorian butterfly frames, can be documented as both instances of E20 Biological Object and E22 Man-Made Object. Examples: - me - Tut-Ankh-Amun - Boukephalas [Horse of Alexander the Great] - petrified dinosaur excrement PA1906-344

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E20_Biological_Object


This class is a sub class of E19 Physical Object
This class is a super class of E21 Person

E21 Person (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises real persons who live or are assumed to have lived. Legendary figures that may have existed, such as Ulysses and King Arthur, fall into this class if the documentation refers to them as historical figures. In cases where doubt exists as to whether several persons are in fact identical, multiple instances can be created and linked to indicate their relationship. The CRM does not propose a specific form to support reasoning about possible identity. Examples: - Tut-Ankh-Amun - Nelson Mandela

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E21_Person


This class is a sub class of E20 Biological Object E39 Actor

E22 Man-Made Object (OWL Class) Definition

Scope note: This class comprises physical objects purposely created by human activity. No assumptions are made as to the extent of modification required to justify regarding an object as man-made. For example, an inscribed piece of rock or a preserved butterfly are both regarded as instances of E22 Man-Made Object. Examples: - Mallard (the World's fastest steam engine) - the Portland Vase - the Coliseum

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E22_Man-Made_Object


This class is a sub class of E19 Physical Object E24 Physical Man-Made Thing
This class is a super class of E84 Information Carrier

E24 Physical Man-Made Thing (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises all persistent physical items that are purposely created by human activity. This class comprises man-made objects, such as a swords, and man-made features, such as rock art. No assumptions are made as to the extent of modification required to justify regarding an object as man-made. For example, a "cup and ring" carving on bedrock is regarded as instance of E24 Physical Man-Made Thing. Examples: - the Forth Railway Bridge (E22) - the Channel Tunnel (E25) - the Historical Collection of the Museum Benaki in Athens (E78)

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E24_Physical_Man-Made_Thing


This class is a sub class of E18 Physical Thing E71 Man-Made Thing
This class is a super class of E22 Man-Made Object E25 Man-Made Feature E78 Collection

E25 Man-Made Feature (OWL Class) Definition

Scope note: This class comprises physical features that are purposely created by human activity, such as scratches, artificial caves, artificial water channels, etc. No assumptions are made as to the extent of modification required to justify regarding a feature as man-made. For example, rock art or even "cup and ring" carvings on bedrock a regarded as types of E25 Man-Made Feature. Examples: - the Manchester Ship Canal - Michael Jackson's nose following plastic surgery

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E25_Man-Made_Feature


This class is a sub class of E24 Physical Man-Made Thing E26 Physical Feature

E26 Physical Feature (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises identifiable features that are physically attached in an integral way to particular physical objects. Instances of E26 Physical Feature share many of the attributes of instances of E19 Physical Object. They may have a one-, two- or three-dimensional geometric extent, but there are no natural borders that separate them completely in an objective way from the carrier objects. For example, a doorway is a feature but the door itself, being attached by hinges, is not. Instances of E26 Physical Feature can be features in a narrower sense, such as scratches, holes, reliefs, surface colours, reflection zones in an opal crystal or a density change in a piece of wood. In the wider sense, they are portions of particular objects with partially imaginary borders, such as the core of the Earth, an area of property on the surface of the Earth, a landscape or the head of a contiguous marble statue. They can be measured and dated, and it is sometimes possible to state who or what is or was responsible for them. They cannot be separated from the carrier object, but a segment of the carrier object may be identified (or sometimes removed) carrying the complete feature. This definition coincides with the definition of "fiat objects" (Smith & Varzi, 2000, pp.401-420), with the exception of aggregates of "bona fide objects". Examples: - the temple in Abu Simbel before its removal - Albrecht Duerer's signature on his painting of Charles the Great - the damage to the nose of the Great Sphinx in Giza - Michael Jackson's nose prior to plastic surgery

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E26_Physical_Feature


This class is a sub class of E18 Physical Thing
This class is a super class of E25 Man-Made Feature E27 Site

In use

This class is used in P56 bears feature P56 is found on

E27 Site (OWL Class) Definition

Scope note: This class comprises pieces of land or sea floor. In contrast to the purely geometric notion of E53 Place, this class describes constellations of matter on the surface of the Earth or other celestial body, which can be represented by photographs, paintings and maps. Instances of E27 Site are composed of relatively immobile material items and features in a particular configuration at a particular location. Examples: - the Amazon river basin - Knossos - the Apollo 11 landing site - Heathrow Airport - the submerged harbour of the Minoan settlement of Gournia, Crete

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E27_Site


This class is a sub class of E26 Physical Feature

E28 Conceptual Object (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises non-material products of our minds and other human produced data that have become objects of a discourse about their identity, circumstances of creation or historical implication. The production of such information may have been supported by the use of technical devices such as cameras or computers. Characteristically, instances of this class are created, invented or thought by someone, and then may be documented or communicated between persons. Instances of E28 Conceptual Object have the ability to exist on more than one particular carrier at the same time, such as paper, electronic signals, marks, audio media, paintings, photos, human memories, etc. They cannot be destroyed. They exist as long as they can be found on at least one carrier or in at least one human memory. Their existence ends when the last carrier and the last memory are lost. Examples: - Beethoven's "Ode an die Freude" (Ode to Joy) (E73) - the definition of "ontology" in the Oxford English Dictionary - the knowledge about the victory at Marathon carried by the famous runner

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E28_Conceptual_Object


This class is a sub class of E71 Man-Made Thing
This class is a super class of E55 Type E89 Propositional Object E90 Symbolic Object
This class is a disjoint class of E18 Physical Thing

E29 Design or Procedure (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises documented plans for the execution of actions in order to achieve a result of a specific quality, form or contents. In particular it comprises plans for deliberate human activities that may result in the modification or production of instances of E24 Physical Thing. Instances of E29 Design or Procedure can be structured in parts and sequences or depend on others. This is modelled using P69 is associated with. Designs or procedures can be seen as one of the following: 1. A schema for the activities it describes 2. A schema of the products that result from their application. 3. An independent intellectual product that may have never been applied, such as Leonardo da Vinci's famous plans for flying machines. Because designs or procedures may never be applied or only partially executed, the CRM models a loose relationship between the plan and the respective product. Examples: - the ISO standardatisation procedure - the musical notation of Beethoven's "Ode to Joy" - the architectal drawings for the Kölner Dom in Cologne, Germany - the drawing on the folio 860 of the Codex Atlanticus from Leonardo da Vinci, 1486-1490, kept in the Biblioteca Ambrosiana in Milan

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E29_Design_or_Procedure


This class is a sub class of E73 Information Object

E3 Condition State (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises the states of objects characterised by a certain condition over a time-span. An instance of this class describes the prevailing physical condition of any material object or feature during a specific E52 Time Span. In general, the time-span for which a certain condition can be asserted may be shorter than the real time-span, for which this condition held. The nature of that condition can be described using P2 has type. For example, the E3 Condition State "condition of the SS Great Britain between 22 September 1846 and 27 August 1847" can be characterized as E55 Type "wrecked". Examples: - the "Amber Room" in Tsarskoje Selo being completely reconstructed from summer 2003 until now - the Peterhof Palace near Saint Petersburg being in ruins from 1944 – 1946 - the state of my turkey in the oven at 14:30 on 25 December, 2002 (P2 has type: E55 Type "still not cooked")

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E3_Condition_State


This class is a sub class of E2 Temporal Entity

E30 Right (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises legal privileges concerning material and immaterial things or their derivatives. These include reproduction and property rights. Examples: - Copyright held by ISO on ISO/CD 21127 - ownership of the "Mona Lisa" by the Louvre

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E30_Right


This class is a sub class of E89 Propositional Object

E31 Document (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises identifiable immaterial items that make propositions about reality. These propositions may be expressed in text, graphics, images, audiograms, videograms or by other similar means. Documentation databases are regarded as a special case of E31 Document. This class should not be confused with the term "document" in Information Technology, which is compatible with E73 Information Object. Examples: - the Encyclopaedia Britannica (E32) - the photo of the Allied Leaders at Yalta published by the UPI, 1945 - the Doomsday Book

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E31_Document


This class is a sub class of E73 Information Object
This class is a super class of E32 Authority Document

In use

This class is used in P70 documents P70 is documented in

E32 Authority Document (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises encyclopaedia, thesauri, authority lists and other documents that define terminology or conceptual systems for consistent use. Examples: - Webster's Dictionary - Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus - CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E32_Authority_Document


This class is a sub class of E31 Document

In use

This class is used in P71 is listed in P71 lists

E33 Linguistic Object (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises identifiable expressions in natural language or languages. Instances of E33 Linguistic Object can be expressed in many ways: e.g. as written texts, recorded speech or sign language. However, the CRM treats instances of E33 Linguistic Object independently from the medium or method by which they are expressed. Expressions in formal languages, such as computer code or mathematical formulae, are not treated as instances of E33 Linguistic Object by the CRM. These should be modelled as instances of E73 Information Object. The text of an instance of E33 Linguistic Object can be documented in a note by P3 has note: E62 String Examples: - the text of the Ellesmere Chaucer manuscript - the lyrics of the song "Blue Suede Shoes" - the text of the Jabberwocky by Lewis Carroll - the text of "Doktoro Jekyll kaj Sinjoro Hyde" (an Esperanto translation of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde)

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E33_Linguistic_Object


This class is a sub class of E73 Information Object
This class is a super class of E34 Inscription E35 Title

E34 Inscription (OWL Class) Definition

Scope note: This class comprises recognisable, short texts attached to instances of E24 Physical Man-Made Thing. The transcription of the text can be documented in a note by P3 has note: E62 String. The alphabet used can be documented by P2 has type: E55 Type. This class does not intend to describe the idiosyncratic characteristics of an individual physical embodiment of an inscription, but the underlying prototype. The physical embodiment is modelled in the CRM as E24 Physical Man-Made Thing. The relationship of a physical copy of a book to the text it contains is modelled using E84 Information Carrier. P128 carries (is carried by): E33 Linguistic Object. Examples: - "keep of the grass" on a sign stuck in the lawn of the quad of Balliol College - Kilroy was here - the text published in Corpus Inscriptionum LatinarumV 895

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E34_Inscription


This class is a sub class of E33 Linguistic Object E37 Mark

E35 Title (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises the names assigned to works, such as texts, artworks or pieces of music. Titles are proper noun phrases or verbal phrases, and should not be confused with generic object names such as "chair", "painting" or "book" (the latter are common nouns that stand for instances of E55 Type). Titles may be assigned by the creator of the work itself, or by a social group. This class also comprises the translations of titles that are used as surrogates for the original titles in different social contexts. Examples: - "The Merchant of Venice" - "Mona Lisa" - "La Pie or The Magpie" - "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds"

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E35_Title


This class is a sub class of E33 Linguistic Object E41 Appellation

In use

This class is used in P102 has title P102 is title of

E36 Visual Item (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises the intellectual or conceptual aspects of recognisable marks and images. This class does not intend to describe the idiosyncratic characteristics of an individual physical embodiment of a visual item, but the underlying prototype. For example, a mark such as the ICOM logo is generally considered to be the same logo when used on any number of publications. The size, orientation and colour may change, but the logo remains uniquely identifiable. The same is true of images that are reproduced many times. This means that visual items are independent of their physical support. The class E36 Visual Item provides a means of identifying and linking together instances of E24 Physical Man-Made Thing that carry the same visual symbols, marks or images etc. The property P62 depicts (is depicted by) between E24 Physical Man-Made Thing and depicted subjects (E1 CRM Entity) can be regarded as a short-cut of the more fully developed path from E24 Physical Man-Made Thing through P6 shows visual item (is shown by), E36 Visual Item, P138 represents (has representation) to E1CRM Entity, which in addition captures the optical features of the depiction. Examples: - the visual appearance of Monet's "La Pie" (E38) - the Coca-Cola logo (E34) - the Chi-Rho (E37) - the communist red star (E37)

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E36_Visual_Item


This class is a sub class of E73 Information Object
This class is a super class of E37 Mark E38 Image

E37 Mark (OWL Class) Definition

Scope note: This class comprises symbols, signs, signatures or short texts applied to instances of E24 Physical Man-Made Thing by arbitrary techniques in order to indicate the creator, owner, dedications, purpose, etc. This class specifically excludes features that have no semantic significance, such as scratches or tool marks. These should be documented as instances of E25 Man-Made Feature. Examples: - Minoan double axe mark - the "copyright sign" - the smiley symbol

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E37_Mark


This class is a sub class of E36 Visual Item
This class is a super class of E34 Inscription

E38 Image (OWL Class) Definition

Scope note: This class comprises distributions of form, tone and colour that may be found on surfaces such as photos, paintings, prints and sculptures or directly on electronic media. The degree to which variations in the distribution of form and colour affect the identity of an instance of E38 Image depends on a given purpose. The original painting of the Mona Lisa in the Louvre may be said to bear the same instance of E38 Image as reproductions in the form of transparencies, postcards, posters or T-shirts, even though they may differ in size and carrier and may vary in tone and colour. The images in a "spot the difference" competition are not the same with respect to their context, however similar they may at first appear. Examples: - the front side of all 20 Frs notes - the image depicted on all reproductions of the Mona Lisa

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E38_Image


This class is a sub class of E36 Visual Item

E39 Actor (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises people, either individually or in groups, who have the potential to perform intentional actions for which they can be held responsible. The CRM does not attempt to model the inadvertent actions of such actors. Individual people should be documented as instances of E21 Person, whereas groups should be documented as instances of either E74 Group or its subclass E40 Legal Body. Examples: - London and Continental Railways (E40) - the Governor of the Bank of England in 1975 (E21) - Sir Ian McKellan (E21)

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E39_Actor


This class is a sub class of E77 Persistent Item
This class is a super class of E21 Person E74 Group

E4 Period (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises sets of coherent phenomena or cultural manifestations bounded in time and space. It is the social or physical coherence of these phenomena that identify an E4 Period and not the associated spatio-temporal bounds. These bounds are a mere approximation of the actual process of growth, spread and retreat. Consequently, different periods can overlap and coexist in time and space, such as when a nomadic culture exists in the same area as a sedentary culture. Typically this class is used to describe prehistoric or historic periods such as the "Neolithic Period", the "Ming Dynasty" or the "McCarthy Era". There are however no assumptions about the scale of the associated phenomena. In particular all events are seen as synthetic processes consisting of coherent phenomena. Therefore E4 Period is a superclass of E5 Event. For example, a modern clinical E67 Birth can be seen as both an atomic E5 Event and as an E4 Period that consists of multiple activities performed by multiple instances of E39 Actor. There are two different conceptualisations of 'artistic style', defined either by physical features or by historical context. For example, "Impressionism" can be viewed as a period lasting from approximately 1870 to 1905 during which paintings with particular characteristics were produced by a group of artists that included (among others) Monet, Renoir, Pissarro, Sisley and Degas. Alternatively, it can be regarded as a style applicable to all paintings sharing the characteristics of the works produced by the Impressionist painters, regardless of historical context. The first interpretation is an E4 Period, and the second defines morphological object types that fall under E55 Type. Another specific case of an E4 Period is the set of activities and phenomena associated with a settlement, such as the populated period of Nineveh. Examples: - Jurassic - European Bronze Age - Italian Renaissance - Thirty Years War - Sturm und Drang - Cubism

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E4_Period


This class is a sub class of E2 Temporal Entity
This class is a super class of E5 Event

E40 Legal Body (OWL Class) Definition

Scope note: This class comprises institutions or groups of people that have obtained a legal recognition as a group and can act collectively as agents. This means that they can perform actions, own property, create or destroy things and can be held collectively responsible for their actions like individual people. The term 'personne morale' is often used for this in French. Examples: - Greenpeace - Paveprime Ltd - the National Museum of Denmark

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E40_Legal_Body


This class is a sub class of E74 Group

E41 Appellation (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises signs, either meaningful or not, or arrangements of signs following a specific syntax, that are used or can be used to refer to and identify a specific instance of some class or category within a certain context. Instances of E41 Appellation do not identify things by their meaning, even if they happen to have one, but instead by convention, tradition, or agreement. Instances of E41 Appellation are cultural constructs; as such, they have a context, a history, and a use in time and space by some group of users. A given instance of E41 Appellation can have alternative forms, i.e., other instances of E41 Appellation that are always regarded as equivalent independent from the thing it denotes. Specific subclasses of E41 Appellation should be used when instances of E41 Appellation of a characteristic form are used for particular objects. Instances of E49 Time Appellation, for example, which take the form of instances of E50 Date, can be easily recognised. E41 Appellation should not be confused with the act of naming something. Cf. E15 Identifier Assignment Examples: - "Martin" - "the Forth Bridge" - "the Merchant of Venice" (E35) - "Spigelia marilandica (L.) L." [not the species, just the name] - "information science" [not the science itself, but the name through which we refer to it in an English-speaking context] - “安” [Chinese “an”, meaning “peace”]

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E41_Appellation


This class is a sub class of E90 Symbolic Object
This class is a super class of E35 Title E42 Identifier E44 Place Appellation E49 Time Appellation E51 Contact Point E75 Conceptual Object Appellation E82 Actor Appellation

E42 Identifier (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises strings or codes assigned to instances of E1 CRM Entity in order to identify them uniquely and permanently within the context of one or more organisations. Such codes are often known as inventory numbers, registration codes, etc. and are typically composed of alphanumeric sequences. The class E42 Identifier is not normally used for machine-generated identifiers used for automated processing unless these are also used by human agents. Examples: - "MM.GE.195" - "13.45.1976" - "OXCMS: 1997.4.1" - ISSN "0041-5278" - ISRC "FIFIN8900116" - Shelf mark "Res 8 P 10" - "Guillaume de Machaut (1300?-1377)" [a controlled personal name heading that follows the French rules]

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E42_Identifier


This class is a sub class of E41 Appellation

E44 Place Appellation (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises any sort of identifier characteristically used to refer to an E53 Place. Instances of E44 Place Appellation may vary in their degree of precision and their meaning may vary over time - the same instance of E44 Place Appellation may be used to refer to several places, either because of cultural shifts, or because objects used as reference points have moved around. Instances of E44 Place Appellation can be extremely varied in form: postal addresses, instances of E47 Spatial Coordinate, and parts of buildings can all be considered as instances of E44 Place Appellation. Examples: - "Vienna" - "CH-1211, Genève" - "Aquae Sulis Minerva" - "Bath" - "Cambridge" - "the Other Place" - "the City"

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E44_Place_Appellation


This class is a sub class of E41 Appellation
This class is a super class of E45 Address E46 Section Definition E47 Spatial Coordinates E48 Place Name
This class is a disjoint class of E49 Time Appellation

In use

This class is used in P87 identifies P87 is identified by

E45 Address (OWL Class) Definition

Scope note: This class comprises identifiers expressed in coding systems for places, such as postal addresses used for mailing. An E45 Address can be considered both as the name of an E53 Place and as an E51 Contact Point for an E39 Actor. This dual aspect is reflected in the multiple inheritance. However, some forms of mailing addresses, such as a postal box, are only instances of E51 Contact Point, since they do not identify any particular Place. These should not be documented as instances of E45 Address. Examples: - 1-29-3 Otsuka, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 121, Japan - Rue David Dufour 5, CH-1211, Genève

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E45_Address


This class is a sub class of E44 Place Appellation E51 Contact Point

E46 Section Definition (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises areas of objects referred to in terms specific to the general geometry or structure of its kind. The 'prow' of the boat, the 'frame' of the picture, the 'front' of the building are all instances of E46 Section Definition. The class highlights the fact that parts of objects can be treated as locations. This holds in particular for features without natural boundaries, such as the "head" of a marble statue made out of one block (cf. E53 Place). In answer to the question 'where is the signature?' one might reply 'on the lower left corner'. (Section Definition is closely related to the term "segment" in Gerstl, P.& Pribbenow, S, 1996 " A conceptual theory of part – whole relations and its applications", Data & Knowledge Engineering 20 305-322, North Holland- Elsevier). Examples: - "the entrance lobby to the Ripley Center" - "the poop deck of H.M.S Victory" - "the Venus de Milo's left buttock" - "left inner side of my box"

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E46_Section_Definition


This class is a sub class of E44 Place Appellation

E47 Spatial Coordinates (OWL Class) Definition

Scope note: This class comprises the textual or numeric information required to locate specific instances of E53 Place within schemes of spatial identification. Coordinates are a specific form of E44 Place Appellation, that is, a means of referring to a particular E53 Place. Coordinates are not restricted to longitude, latitude and altitude. Any regular system of reference that maps onto an E19 Physical Object can be used to generate coordinates. Examples: - "6°5'29"N 45°12'13"W" - "Black queen's bishop 4" [chess coordinate].

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E47_Spatial_Coordinates


This class is a sub class of E44 Place Appellation

E48 Place Name (OWL Class) Definition

Scope note: This class comprises particular and common forms of E44 Place Appellation. Place Names may change their application over time: the name of an E53 Place may change, and a name may be reused for a different E53 Place. Instances of E48 Place Name are typically subject to place name gazetteers. Examples: - "Greece" - "Athens" - "Geneva" - "Lac Léman"

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E48_Place_Name


This class is a sub class of E44 Place Appellation

E49 Time Appellation (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises all forms of names or codes, such as historical periods, and dates, which are characteristically used to refer to a specific E52 Time-Span. The instances of E49 Time Appellation may vary in their degree of precision, and they may be relative to other time frames, "Before Christ" for example. Instances of E52 Time-Span are often defined by reference to a cultural period or an event e.g. 'the duration of the Ming Dynasty'. Examples: - "Meiji" [Japanese term for a specific time-span] - "1st half of the XX century" - "Quaternary" - "1215 Hegira" [a date in the Islamic calendar] - "Last century"

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E49_Time_Appellation


This class is a sub class of E41 Appellation
This class is a super class of E50 Date
This class is a disjoint class of E44 Place Appellation

In use

This class is used in P78 identifies P78 is identified by

E5 Event (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises changes of states in cultural, social or physical systems, regardless of scale, brought about by a series or group of coherent physical, cultural, technological or legal phenomena. Such changes of state will affect instances of E77 Persistent Item or its subclasses. The distinction between an E5 Event and an E4 Period is partly a question of the scale of observation. Viewed at a coarse level of detail, an E5 Event is an 'instantaneous' change of state. At a fine level, the E5 Event can be analysed into its component phenomena within a space and time frame, and as such can be seen as an E4 Period. The reverse is not necessarily the case: not all instances of E4 Period give rise to a noteworthy change of state. Examples: - the birth of Cleopatra (E67) - the destruction of Lisbon by earthquake in 1755 (E6) - World War II (E7) - the Battle of Stalingrad (E7) - the Yalta Conference (E7) - my birthday celebration 28-6-1995 (E7) - the falling of a tile from my roof last Sunday - the CIDOC Conference 2003 (E7)

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E5_Event


This class is a sub class of E4 Period
This class is a super class of E63 Beginning of Existence E64 End of Existence E7 Activity

E50 Date (OWL Class) Definition

Scope note: This class comprises specific forms of E49 Time Appellation. Dates may vary in their degree of precision. Examples: - "1900" - "4-4-1959" - "19-MAR-1922" - "19640604"

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E50_Date


This class is a sub class of E49 Time Appellation

E51 Contact Point (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises identifiers employed, or understood, by communication services to direct communications to an instance of E39 Actor. These include E-mail addresses, telephone numbers, post office boxes, Fax numbers, URLs etc. Most postal addresses can be considered both as instances of E44 Place Appellation and E51 Contact Point. In such cases the subclass E45 Address should be used. URLs are addresses used by machines to access another machine through an http request. Since the accessed machine acts on behalf of the E39 Actor providing the machine, URLs are considered as instances of E51 Contact Point to that E39 Actor. Examples: - "+41 22 418 5571" - "weasel@paveprime.com"

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E51_Contact_Point


This class is a sub class of E41 Appellation
This class is a super class of E45 Address

In use

This class is used in P76 has contact point P76 provides access to

E52 Time-Span (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises abstract temporal extents, in the sense of Galilean physics, having a beginning, an end and a duration. Time Span has no other semantic connotations. Time-Spans are used to define the temporal extent of instances of E4 Period, E5 Event and any other phenomena valid for a certain time. An E52 Time-Span may be identified by one or more instances of E49 Time Appellation. Since our knowledge of history is imperfect, instances of E52 Time-Span can best be considered as approximations of the actual Time-Spans of temporal entities. The properties of E52 Time-Span are intended to allow these approximations to be expressed precisely. An extreme case of approximation, might, for example, define an E52 Time-Span having unknown beginning, end and duration. Used as a common E52 Time-Span for two events, it would nevertheless define them as being simultaneous, even if nothing else was known. Automatic processing and querying of instances of E52 Time-Span is facilitated if data can be parsed into an E61 Time Primitive. Examples: - 1961 - from 12-17-1993 to 12-8-1996 - 14h30 - 16h22 4th July 1945 - 9.30 am 1.1.1999 to 2.00 pm 1.1.1999 - duration of the Ming Dynasty

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E52_Time-Span


This class is a sub class of E1 CRM Entity
This class is a disjoint class of E53 Place

E53 Place (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises extents in space, in particular on the surface of the earth, in the pure sense of physics: independent from temporal phenomena and matter. The instances of E53 Place are usually determined by reference to the position of "immobile" objects such as buildings, cities, mountains, rivers, or dedicated geodetic marks. A Place can be determined by combining a frame of reference and a location with respect to this frame. It may be identified by one or more instances of E44 Place Appellation. It is sometimes argued that instances of E53 Place are best identified by global coordinates or absolute reference systems. However, relative references are often more relevant in the context of cultural documentation and tend to be more precise. In particular, we are often interested in position in relation to large, mobile objects, such as ships. For example, the Place at which Nelson died is known with reference to a large mobile object – H.M.S Victory. A resolution of this Place in terms of absolute coordinates would require knowledge of the movements of the vessel and the precise time of death, either of which may be revised, and the result would lack historical and cultural relevance. Any object can serve as a frame of reference for E53 Place determination. The model foresees the notion of a "section" of an E19 Physical Object as a valid E53 Place determination. Examples: - the extent of the UK in the year 2003 - the position of the hallmark on the inside of my wedding ring - the place referred to in the phrase: "Fish collected at three miles north of the confluence of the Arve and the Rhone" - Here -> <-

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E53_Place


This class is a sub class of E1 CRM Entity
This class is a disjoint class of E52 Time-Span

E54 Dimension (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises quantifiable properties that can be measured by some calibrated means and can be approximated by values, i.e. points or regions in a mathematical or conceptual space, such as natural or real numbers, RGB values etc. An instance of E54 Dimension represents the true quantity, independent from its numerical approximation, e.g. in inches or in cm. The properties of the class E54 Dimension allow for expressing the numerical approximation of the values of an instance of E54 Dimension. If the true values belong to a non-discrete space, such as spatial distances, it is recommended to record them as approximations by intervals or regions of indeterminacy enclosing the assumed true values. For instance, a length of 5 cm may be recorded as 4.5-5.5 cm, according to the precision of the respective observation. Note, that interoperability of values described in different units depends critically on the representation as value regions. Numerical approximations in archaic instances of E58 Measurement Unit used in historical records should be preserved. Equivalents corresponding to current knowledge should be recorded as additional instances of E54 Dimension as appropriate. Examples: - currency: £26.00 - length: 3.9-4.1 cm - diameter: 26 mm - weight: 150 lbs - density: 0.85 gm/cc - luminescence: 56 ISO lumens - tin content: 0.46 % - taille au garot: 5 hands - calibrated C14 date: 2460-2720 years, etc

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E54_Dimension


This class is a sub class of E1 CRM Entity

E55 Type (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises concepts denoted by terms from thesauri and controlled vocabularies used to characterize and classify instances of CRM classes. Instances of E55 Type represent concepts in contrast to instances of E41 Appellation which are used to name instances of CRM classes. E55 Type is the CRM's interface to domain specific ontologies and thesauri. These can be represented in the CRM as subclasses of E55 Type, forming hierarchies of terms, i.e. instances of E55 Type linked via P127 has broader term (has narrower term). Such hierarchies may be extended with additional properties. Examples: - weight, length, depth [types of E54 Dimension] - portrait, sketch, animation [types of E38 image] - French, English, German [E56] - excellent, good, poor [types of E3 Condition State] - Ford Model T, chop stick [types of E22 Man-Made Object] - cave, doline, scratch [types of E26 Physical Feature] - poem, short story [types of E33 Linguistic Object] - wedding, earthquake, skirmish [types of E5 Event]

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E55_Type


This class is a sub class of E28 Conceptual Object
This class is a super class of E56 Language E57 Material E58 Measurement Unit

E56 Language (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class is a specialization of E55 Type and comprises the natural languages in the sense of concepts. This type is used categorically in the model without reference to instances of it, i.e. the Model does not foresee the description of instances of instances of E56 Language, e.g.: "instances of Mandarin Chinese". It is recommended that internationally or nationally agreed codes and terminology are used to denote instances of E56 Language, such as those defined in ISO 639:1988. Example: el [Greek] - en [English] - eo [Esperanto] - es [Spanish] - fr [French]

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E56_Language


This class is a sub class of E55 Type

In use

This class is used in P72 has language P72 is language of

E57 Material (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class is a specialization of E55 Type and comprises the concepts of materials. Instances of E57 Material may denote properties of matter before its use, during its use, and as incorporated in an object, such as ultramarine powder, tempera paste, reinforced concrete. Discrete pieces of raw-materials kept in museums, such as bricks, sheets of fabric, pieces of metal, should be modelled individually in the same way as other objects. Discrete used or processed pieces, such as the stones from Nefer Titi's temple, should be modelled as parts (cf. P46 is composed of). This type is used categorically in the model without reference to instances of it, i.e. the Model does not foresee the description of instances of instances of E57 Material, e.g.: "instances of gold". It is recommended that internationally or nationally agreed codes and terminology are used. Examples: - brick - gold - aluminium - polycarbonate - resin

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E57_Material


This class is a sub class of E55 Type

E58 Measurement Unit (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class is a specialization of E55 Type and comprises the types of measurement units: feet, inches, centimetres, litres, lumens, etc. This type is used categorically in the model without reference to instances of it, i.e. the Model does not foresee the description of instances of instances of E58 Measurement Unit, e.g.: "instances of cm". Système International (SI) units or internationally recognized non-SI terms should be used whenever possible. (ISO 1000:1992). Archaic Measurement Units used in historical records should be preserved. Examples: - cm [centrimetre] - km [kilometre] - m [meter] - m/s [meters per second] - A [Ampere] - GRD [Greek Drachme] - C° [degrees centigrade]

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E58_Measurement_Unit


This class is a sub class of E55 Type

In use

This class is used in P91 has unit P91 is unit of

E6 Destruction (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises events that destroy one or more instances of E18 Physical Thing such that they lose their identity as the subjects of documentation. Some destruction events are intentional, while others are independent of human activity. Intentional destruction may be documented by classifying the event as both an E6 Destruction and E7 Activity. The decision to document an object as destroyed, transformed or modified is context sensitive: 1. If the matter remaining from the destruction is not documented, the event is modelled solely as E6 Destruction. 2. An event should also be documented using E81 Transformation if it results in the destruction of one or more objects and the simultaneous production of others using parts or material from the original. In this case, the new items have separate identities. Matter is preserved, but identity is not. 3. When the initial identity of the changed instance of E18 Physical Thing is preserved, the event should be documented as E11 Modification. Examples: - the destruction of Herculaneum by volcanic eruption in 79 AD - the destruction of Nineveh (E6, E7) - the breaking of a champagne glass yesterday by my dog

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E6_Destruction


This class is a sub class of E64 End of Existence

In use

This class is used in P13 destroyed P13 was destroyed by

E63 Beginning of Existence (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises events that bring into existence any E77 Persistent Item. It may be used for temporal reasoning about things (intellectual products, physical items, groups of people, living beings) beginning to exist; it serves as a hook for determination of a terminus post quem and ante quem. Examples: - the birth of my child - the birth of Snoopy, my dog - the calving of the iceberg that sank the Titanic - the construction of the Eiffel Tower

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E63_Beginning_of_Existence


This class is a sub class of E5 Event
This class is a super class of E12 Production E65 Creation E66 Formation E67 Birth E81 Transformation

E64 End of Existence (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises events that end the existence of any E77 Persistent Item. It may be used for temporal reasoning about things (physical items, groups of people, living beings) ceasing to exist; it serves as a hook for determination of a terminus postquem and antequem. In cases where substance from a Persistent Item continues to exist in a new form, the process would be documented by E81 Transformation. Examples: - the death of Snoopy, my dog - the melting of the snowman - the burning of the Temple of Artemis in Ephesos by Herostratos in 356BC

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E64_End_of_Existence


This class is a sub class of E5 Event
This class is a super class of E6 Destruction E68 Dissolution E69 Death E81 Transformation

E65 Creation (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises events that result in the creation of conceptual items or immaterial products, such as legends, poems, texts, music, images, movies, laws, types etc. Examples: - the framing of the U.S. Constitution - the drafting of U.N. resolution 1441

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E65_Creation


This class is a sub class of E63 Beginning of Existence E7 Activity
This class is a super class of E83 Type Creation

In use

This class is used in P94 has created P94 was created by

E66 Formation (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises events that result in the formation of a formal or informal E74 Group of people, such as a club, society, association, corporation or nation. E66 Formation does not include the arbitrary aggregation of people who do not act as a collective. The formation of an instance of E74 Group does not mean that the group is populated with members at the time of formation. In order to express the joining of members at the time of formation, the respective activity should be simultaneously an instance of both E66 Formation and E85 Joining. Examples: - the formation of the CIDOC CRM Special Interest Group - the formation of the Soviet Union - the conspiring of the murderers of Caesar

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E66_Formation


This class is a sub class of E63 Beginning of Existence E7 Activity

E67 Birth (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises the births of human beings. E67 Birth is a biological event focussing on the context of people coming into life. (E63 Beginning of Existence comprises the coming into life of any living beings). Twins, triplets etc. are brought into life by the same E67 Birth event. The introduction of the E67 Birth event as a documentation element allows the description of a range of family relationships in a simple model. Suitable extensions may describe more details and the complexity of motherhood with the intervention of modern medicine. In this model, the biological father is not seen as a necessary participant in the E67 Birth event. Examples: - the birth of Alexander the Great

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E67_Birth


This class is a sub class of E63 Beginning of Existence

E68 Dissolution (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises the events that result in the formal or informal termination of an E74 Group of people. If the dissolution was deliberate, the Dissolution event should also be instantiated as an E7 Activity. Examples: - the fall of the Roman Empire - the liquidation of Enron Corporation

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E68_Dissolution


This class is a sub class of E64 End of Existence

In use

This class is used in P99 dissolved P99 was dissolved by

E69 Death (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises the deaths of human beings. If a person is killed, their death should be instantiated as E69 Death and as E7 Activity. The death or perishing of other living beings should be documented using E64 End of Existence. Examples: - the murder of Julius Caesar (E69,E7) - the death of Senator Paul Wellstone

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E69_Death


This class is a sub class of E64 End of Existence

In use

This class is used in P100 died in P100 was death of

E7 Activity (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises actions intentionally carried out by instances of E39 Actor that result in changes of state in the cultural, social, or physical systems documented. This notion includes complex, composite and long-lasting actions such as the building of a settlement or a war, as well as simple, short-lived actions such as the opening of a door. Examples: - the Battle of Stalingrad - the Yalta Conference - my birthday celebration 28-6-1995 - the writing of "Faust" by Goethe (E65) - the formation of the Bauhaus 1919 (E66) - calling the place identified by TGN '7017998' 'Quyunjig' by the people of Iraq

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E7_Activity


This class is a sub class of E5 Event
This class is a super class of E10 Transfer of Custody E11 Modification E13 Attribute Assignment E65 Creation E66 Formation E8 Acquisition E85 Joining E86 Leaving E87 Curation Activity E9 Move

E70 Thing (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This general class comprises usable discrete, identifiable, instances of E77 Persistent Item that are documented as single units. They can be either intellectual products or physical things, and are characterized by relative stability. They may for instance either have a solid physical form, an electronic encoding, or they may be logical concept or structure. Examples: - my photograph collection (E78 Collection) - the bottle of milk in my refrigerator (E22) - the plan of the Strassburger Muenster (E29) - the thing on the top of Otto Hahn's desk (E19) - the form of the non-smoking sign (E36) - the cave of Dirou, Mani, Greece (E27)

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E70_Thing


This class is a sub class of E77 Persistent Item
This class is a super class of E71 Man-Made Thing E72 Legal Object

E71 Man-Made Thing (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises discrete, identifiable man-made items that are documented as single units. These items are either intellectual products or man-made physical things, and are characterized by relative stability. They may for instance have a solid physical form, an electronic encoding, or they may be logical concepts or structures. Examples: - Beethoven's 5th Symphony (E73) - Michelangelo's David - Einstein's Theory of General Relativity (E73) - the taxon 'Fringilla coelebs Linnaeus, 1758' (E55)

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E71_Man-Made_Thing


This class is a sub class of E70 Thing
This class is a super class of E24 Physical Man-Made Thing E28 Conceptual Object

E72 Legal Object (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises those material or immaterial items to which instances of E30 Right, such as the right of ownership or use, can be applied. This is true for all E18 Physical Thing. In the case of instances of E28 Conceptual Object, however, the identity of the E28 Conceptual Object or the method of its use may be too ambiguous to reliably establish instances of E30 Right, as in the case of taxa and inspirations. Ownership of corporations is currently regarded as out of scope of the CRM. Examples: - the Cullinan diamond (E19) - definition of the CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model Version 2.1 (E73).

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E72_Legal_Object


This class is a sub class of E70 Thing
This class is a super class of E18 Physical Thing E90 Symbolic Object

E73 Information Object (OWL Class) Definition

Scope note: This class comprises identifiable immaterial items, such as a poems, jokes, data sets, images, texts, multimedia objects, procedural prescriptions, computer program code, algorithm or mathematical formulae, that have an objectively recognizable structure and are documented as single units. An E73 Information Object does not depend on a specific physical carrier, which can include human memory, and it can exist on one or more carriers simultaneously. Instances of E73 Information Object of a linguistic nature should be declared as instances of the E33 Linguistic Object subclass. Instances of E73 Information Object of a documentary nature should be declared as instances of the E31 Document subclass. Conceptual items such as types and classes are not instances of E73 Information Object, nor are ideas without a reproducible expression. Examples: - image BM000038850.JPG from the Clayton Herbarium in London - E. A. Poe's "The Raven" - the movie "The Seven Samurai" by Akira Kurosawa - the Maxwell Equations

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E73_Information_Object


This class is a sub class of E89 Propositional Object E90 Symbolic Object
This class is a super class of E29 Design or Procedure E31 Document E33 Linguistic Object E36 Visual Item

E74 Group (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises any gatherings or organizations of two or more people that act collectively or in a similar way due to any form of unifying relationship. In the wider sense this class also comprises official positions which used to be regarded in certain contexts as one actor, independent of the current holder of the office, such as the president of a country. A joint pseudonym (i.e., a name that seems indicative of an individual but that is actually used as a persona by two or more people) is a particular case of E74 Group. A gathering of people becomes an E74 Group when it exhibits organizational characteristics usually typified by a set of ideas or beliefs held in common, or actions performed together. These might be communication, creating some common artifact, a common purpose such as study, worship, business, sports, etc. Nationality can be modelled as membership in an E74 Group (cf. HumanML markup). Married couples and other concepts of family are regarded as particular examples of E74 Group. Examples: - the impressionists - the Navajo - the Greeks - the peace protestors in n New York City on February 15 2003 - Exxon-Mobil - King Solomon and his wives - the President of the Swiss Confederation - Nicolas Bourbaki - Betty Crocker

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E74_Group


This class is a sub class of E39 Actor
This class is a super class of E40 Legal Body

E75 Conceptual Object Appellation (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises all appellations specific to intellectual products or standardized patterns. Examples: - "ISBN 3-7913-1418-1" - "ISO 2788-1986 (F)"

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E75_Conceptual_Object_Appellation


This class is a sub class of E41 Appellation

In use

This class is used in P149 identifies P149 is identified by

E77 Persistent Item (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises items that have a persistent identity, sometimes known as "endurants" in philosophy. They can be repeatedly recognized within the duration of their existence by identity criteria rather than by continuity or observation. Persistent Items can be either physical entities, such as people, animals or things, or conceptual entities such as ideas, concepts, products of the imagination or common names. The criteria that determine the identity of an item are often difficult to establish -; the decision depends largely on the judgement of the observer. For example, a building is regarded as no longer existing if it is dismantled and the materials reused in a different configuration. On the other hand, human beings go through radical and profound changes during their life-span, affecting both material composition and form, yet preserve their identity by other criteria. Similarly, inanimate objects may be subject to exchange of parts and matter. The class E77 Persistent Item does not take any position about the nature of the applicable identity criteria and if actual knowledge about identity of an instance of this class exists. There may be cases, where the identity of an E77 Persistent Item is not decidable by a certain state of knowledge. The main classes of objects that fall outside the scope the E77 Persistent Item class are temporal objects such as periods, events and acts, and descriptive properties. Examples: - Leonardo da Vinci - Stonehenge - the hole in the ozone layer - the First Law of Thermodynamics - the Bermuda Triangle

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E77_Persistent_Item


This class is a sub class of E1 CRM Entity
This class is a super class of E39 Actor E70 Thing
This class is a disjoint class of E2 Temporal Entity

E78 Collection (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises aggregations of instances of E18 Physical Thing that are assembled and maintained ("curated" and "preserved," in museological terminology) by one or more instances of E39 Actor over time for a specific purpose and audience, and according to a particular collection development plan. Items may be added or removed from an E78 Collection in pursuit of this plan. This class should not be confused with the E39 Actor maintaining the E78 Collection often referred to with the name of the E78 Collection (e.g. "The Wallace Collection decided…"). Collective objects in the general sense, like a tomb full of gifts, a folder with stamps or a set of chessmen, should be documented as instances of E19 Physical Object, and not as instances of E78 Collection. This is because they form wholes either because they are physically bound together or because they are kept together for their functionality. Examples: - The John Clayton Herbarium - the Wallace Collection - Mikael Heggelund Foslie's coralline red algae Herbarium at Museum of Natural History and Archaeology, Trondheim, Norway

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E78_Collection


This class is a sub class of E24 Physical Man-Made Thing

E79 Part Addition (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises activities that result in an instance of E24 Physical Man-Made Thing being increased, enlarged or augmented by the addition of a part. Typical scenarios include the attachment of an accessory, the integration of a component, the addition of an element to an aggregate object, or the accessioning of an object into a curated E78 Collection. Objects to which parts are added are, by definition, man-made, since the addition of a part implies a human activity. Following the addition of parts, the resulting man-made assemblages are treated objectively as single identifiable wholes, made up of constituent or component parts bound together either physically (for example the engine becoming a part of the car), or by sharing a common purpose (such as the 32 chess pieces that make up a chess set). This class of activities forms a basis for reasoning about the history and continuity of identity of objects that are integrated into other objects over time, such as precious gemstones being repeatedly incorporated into different items of jewellery, or cultural artifacts being added to different museum instances of E78 Collection over their lifespan. Examples: - the setting of the koh-i-noor diamond into the crown of Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother - the addition of the painting "Room in Brooklyn" by Edward Hopper to the collection of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E79_Part_Addition


This class is a sub class of E11 Modification
This class is a disjoint class of E80 Part Removal

E8 Acquisition (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises transfers of legal ownership from one or more instances of E39 Actor to one or more other instances of E39 Actor. The class also applies to the establishment or loss of ownership of instances of E18 Physical Thing. It does not, however, imply changes of any other kinds of right. The recording of the donor and/or recipient is optional. It is possible that in an instance of E8 Acquisition there is either no donor or no recipient. Depending on the circumstances, it may describe: 1. the beginning of ownership 2. the end of ownership 3. the transfer of ownership 4. the acquisition from an unknown source 5. the loss of title due to destruction of the item It may also describe events where a collector appropriates legal title, for example by annexation or field collection. The interpretation of the museum notion of "accession" differs between institutions. The CRM therefore models legal ownership (E8 Acquisition) and physical custody (E10 Transfer of Custody) separately. Institutions will then model their specific notions of accession and deaccession as combinations of these. Examples: - the collection of a hammer-head shark of the genus Sphyrna (Carchariniformes) XXXtbc by John Steinbeck and Edward Ricketts at Puerto Escondido in the Gulf of Mexico on March 25th, 1940 - the acquisition of El Greco's "The Apostles Peter and Paul" by the State Hermitage in Saint Petersburg - the loss of my stuffed chaffinch 'Fringilla coelebs Linnaeus, 1758' due to insect damage last year

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E8_Acquisition


This class is a sub class of E7 Activity

E80 Part Removal (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises the activities that result in an instance of E18 Physical Thing being decreased by the removal of a part. Typical scenarios include the detachment of an accessory, the removal of a component or part of a composite object, or the deaccessioning of an object from a curated E78 Collection. If the E80 Part Removal results in the total decomposition of the original object into pieces, such that the whole ceases to exist, the activity should instead be modelled as an E81 Transformation, i.e. a simultaneous destruction and production. In cases where the part removed has no discernible identity prior to its removal but does have an identity subsequent to its removal, the activity should be regarded as both E80 Part Removal and E12 Production. This class of activities forms a basis for reasoning about the history, and continuity of identity over time, of objects that are removed from other objects, such as precious gemstones being extracted from different items of jewelry, or cultural artifacts being deaccessioned from different museum collections over their lifespan. Examples: - the removal of the engine from my car - the disposal of object number 1976:234 from the collection

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E80_Part_Removal


This class is a sub class of E11 Modification
This class is a disjoint class of E79 Part Addition

E81 Transformation (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises the events that result in the simultaneous destruction of one or more than one E77 Persistent Item and the creation of one or more than one E77 Persistent Item that preserves recognizable substance from the first one(s) but has fundamentally different nature and identity. Although the old and the new instances of E77 Persistent Item are treated as discrete entities having separate, unique identities, they are causally connected through the E81 Transformation; the destruction of the old E77 Persistent Item(s) directly causes the creation of the new one(s) using or preserving some relevant substance. Instances of E81 Transformation are therefore distinct from re-classifications (documented using E17 Type Assignment) or modifications (documented using E11 Modification) of objects that do not fundamentally change their nature or identity. Characteristic cases are reconstructions and repurposing of historical buildings or ruins, fires leaving buildings in ruins, taxidermy of specimen in natural history and the reorganization of a corporate body into a new one. Examples: - the death and mummification of Tut-Ankh-Amun (transformation of Tut-Ankh-Amun from a living person to a mummy) (E69,E81,E7)

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E81_Transformation


This class is a sub class of E63 Beginning of Existence E64 End of Existence

E82 Actor Appellation (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises any sort of name, number, code or symbol characteristically used to identify an E39 Actor. An E39 Actor will typically have more than one E82 Actor Appellation, and instances of E82 Actor Appellation in turn may have alternative representations. The distinction between corporate and personal names, which is particularly important in library applications, should be made by explicitly linking the E82 Actor Appellation to an instance of either E21 Person or E74 Group/E40 Legal Body. If this is not possible, the distinction can be made through the use of the P2 has type mechanism. Examples: - "John Doe" - "Doe, J" - "the U.S. Social Security Number 246-14-2304" - "the Artist Formerly Known as Prince" - "the Master of the Flemish Madonna" - "Raphael's Workshop" - "the Brontë Sisters" - "ICOM" - "International Council of Museums"

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E82_Actor_Appellation


This class is a sub class of E41 Appellation

In use

This class is used in P131 identifies P131 is identified by

E83 Type Creation (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises activities formally defining new types of items. It is typically a rigorous scholarly or scientific process that ensures a type is exhaustively described and appropriately named. In some cases, particularly in archaeology and the life sciences, E83 Type Creation requires the identification of an exemplary specimen and the publication of the type definition in an appropriate scholarly forum. The activity of E83 Type Creation is central to research in the life sciences, where a type would be referred to as a "taxon," the type description as a "protologue," and the exemplary specimens as "orgininal element" or "holotype". Examples: - creation of the taxon 'Penicillium brefeldianum B. O. Dodge' (1933) - addition of class E84 Information Carrier to the CIDOC CRM

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E83_Type_Creation


This class is a sub class of E65 Creation

E84 Information Carrier (OWL Class) Definition

Scope note: This class comprises all instances of E22 Man-Made Object that are explicitly designed to act as persistent physical carriers for instances of E73 Information Object. This allows a relationship to be asserted between an E19 Physical Object and its immaterial information contents. An E84 Information Carrier may or may not contain information, e.g., a diskette. Note that any E18 Physical Thing may carry information, such as an E34 Inscription. However, unless it was specifically designed for this purpose, it is not an Information Carrier. Therefore the property P128 carries (is carried by) applies to E18 Physical Thing in general. Examples: - the Rosetta Stone - my paperpack copy of Crime & Punishment - the computer disk at ICS-FORTH that stores the canonical Definition of the CIDOC CRM

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E84_Information_Carrier


This class is a sub class of E22 Man-Made Object

E85 Joining (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises the activities that result in an instance of E39 Actor becoming a member of an instance of E74 Group. This class does not imply initiative by either party. Typical scenarios include becoming a member of a social organisation, becoming employee of a company, marriage, the adoption of a child by a family and the inauguration of somebody into an official position. Examples: - the election of Sir Isaac Newton as Member of Parliament for the University of Cambridge to the Convention Parliament of 1689 - the inauguration of Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev as leader of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) in 1985 - the implementation of the membership treaty between EU and Denmark January 1. 1973

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E85_Joining


This class is a sub class of E7 Activity

E86 Leaving (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises the activities that result in an instance of E39 Actor to be disassociated from an instance of E74 Group. This class does not imply initiative by either party. Typical scenarios include the termination of membership in a social organisation, ending the employment at a company, divorce, and the end of tenure of somebody in an official position. Examples: - the end of Sir Isaac Newton's duty as Member of Parliament for the University of Cambridge to the Convention Parliament in 1702 - George Washington's leaving office in 1797

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E86_Leaving


This class is a sub class of E7 Activity

E87 Curation Activity (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises the activities that result in the continuity of management and the preservation and evolution of instances of E78 Collection, following an implicit or explicit curation plan. It specializes the notion of activity into the curation of a collection and allows the history of curation to be recorded. Items are accumulated and organized following criteria like subject, chronological period, material type, style of art etc. and can be added or removed from an E78 Collection for a specific purpose and/or audience. The initial aggregation of items of a collection is regarded as an instance of E12 Production Event while the activity of evolving, preserving and promoting a collection is regarded as an instance of E87 Curation Activity. Examples: - the curation of Mikael Heggelund Foslie's coralline red algae Herbarium 1876 – 1909 (when Foslie died), now at Museum of Natural History and Archaeology, Norway

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E87_Curation_Activity


This class is a sub class of E7 Activity

In use

This class is used in P147 curated P147 was curated by

E89 Propositional Object (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises immaterial items, including but not limited to stories, plots, procedural prescriptions, algorithms, laws of physics or images that are, or represent in some sense, sets of propositions about real or imaginary things and that are documented as single units or serve as topic of discourse. This class also comprises items that are "about" something in the sense of a subject. In the wider sense, this class includes expressions of psychological value such as non-figural art and musical themes. However, conceptual items such as types and classes are not instances of E89 Propositional Object. This should not be confused with the definition of a type, which is indeed an instance of E89 Propositional Object. Examples: - Maxwell's Equations - the ideational contents of Aristotle's book entitled 'Metaphysics' as rendered in the Greek texts translated in … Oxford edition… - the underlying prototype of any "no-smoking" sign (E36) - the common ideas of the plots of the movie "The Seven Samurai" by Akira Kurosawa and the movie "The Magnificent Seven" by John Sturges - the image content of the photo of the Allied Leaders at Yalta 1945 (E38)

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E89_Propositional_Object


This class is a sub class of E28 Conceptual Object
This class is a super class of E30 Right E73 Information Object

E9 Move (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises changes of the physical location of the instances of E19 Physical Object. Note, that the class E9 Move inherits the property P7 took place at (witnessed): E53 Place. This property should be used to describe the trajectory or a larger area within which a move takes place, whereas the properties P26 moved to (was destination of), P2 moved from (was origin of) describe the start and end points only. Moves may also be documented to consist of other moves (via P9 consists of (forms part of)), in order to describe intermediate stages on a trajectory. In that case, start and end points of the partial moves should match appropriately between each other and with the overall event. Examples: - the relocation of London Bridge from the UK to the USA - the movement of the exhibition "Treasures of Tut-Ankh-Amun" 1976-1979

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E9_Move


This class is a sub class of E7 Activity

E90 Symbolic Object (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises identifiable symbols and any aggregation of symbols, such as characters, identifiers, traffic signs, emblems, texts, data sets, images, musical scores, multimedia objects, computer program code or mathematical formulae that have an objectively recognizable structure and that are documented as single units. It includes sets of signs of any nature, which may serve to designate something, or to communicate some propositional content. An instance of E90 Symbolic Object does not depend on a specific physical carrier, which can include human memory, and it can exist on one or more carriers simultaneously. An instance of E90 Symbolic Object may or may not have a specific meaning, for example an arbitrary character string. In some cases, the content of an instance of E90 Symbolic Object may completely be represented by a serialized digital content model, such as a sequence of ASCII-encoded characters, an XML or HTML document, or a TIFF image. The property P3 has note allows for the description of this content model. In order to disambiguate which symbolic level is the carrier of the meaning, the property P3.1 has type can be used to specify the encoding (e.g. "bit", "Latin character", RGB pixel). Examples: - ecognizabl’ - The “no-smoking” sign (E36) - “BM000038850.JPG” (E75) - image BM000038850.JPG from the Clayton Herbarium in London (E38) - The distribution of form, tone and colour found on Leonardo da Vinci’s painting named “Mona Lisa” in daylight (E38) - The Italian text of Dante’s “Divina Commedia” as found in the authoritative critical edition La Commedia secondo l’antica vulgata a cura di Giorgio Petrocchi, Milano: Mondadori, 1966-67 (= Le Opere di Dante Alighieri, Edizione Nazionale a cura della Società Dantesca Italiana, VII, 1-4) (E33)

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E90_Symbolic_Object


This class is a sub class of E28 Conceptual Object E72 Legal Object
This class is a super class of E41 Appellation E73 Information Object

E91 Co-Reference Assignment (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises actions of making the assertion whether two or more particular instances of E89 Propositional Object refer to the same instance of E1 CRM Entity. The assertion is based on the assumption that this was an implicit fact being made explicit by this assignment. Use of this class allows for the full description of the context of this assignment.(MD will write an extension about the levels of belief) Examples: - the assertion that the author name “Hans Jæger” on the title page of the novel “Fra Christiania-Bohêmen” refers to the same historical person as the motive of the painting “Forfatteren Hans Jæger” by Edvard Munch. - the assertion that the author name “Hans Jæger” on the title page of the novel “Fra Christiania-Bohêmen” does not refer to the same historical person as the author of the collection of drawings “Til Julebordet : ti Pennetegninger / af H.J.” incorrectly attributed to Hans Jæger in the Bibsys database.

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E91_Co-Reference_Assignment


This class is a sub class of E13 Attribute Assignment

E92 Spacetime Volume (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope note: This class comprises 4 dimensional point sets (volumes) in physical spacetime regardless its true geometric form. They may derive their identity from being the extent of a material phenomenon or from being the interpretation of an expression defining an extent in spacetime. Intersections of instances of E92 Spacetime Volume, Place and Timespan are also regarded as instances of E92 Spacetime Volume. An instance of E92 Spacetime Volume is either contiguous or composed of a finite number of contiguous subsets. Its boundaries may be fuzzy due to the properties of the phenomena it derives from or due to the limited precision up to which defining expression can be identified with a real extent in spacetime. The duration of existence of an instance of a spacetimevolume is trivially its projection on time. Examples: - the spacetime Volume of the Event of Ceasars murder  - the spacetime Volume where and when the carbon 14 dating of the "Schoeninger Speer II" in 1996  took place  - the spatio‐temporal trajectory of the H.M.S. Victory from its building to its actual location - the spacetime volume defined by a polygon approximating the Danube river flood in Austria between 6th and 9th of August 2002

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E92_Spacetime_Volume


This class is a sub class of E1 CRM Entity
This class is a super class of E93 Spacetime Snapshot

E93 Spacetime Snapshot (OWL Class) Definition In use

Scope Note: This class comprises instances of E92 Spacetime Volume that result from intersections of instances of E92  Spacetime Volume,  E53 Place or  E52  Time‐Span.    The  identity of  an  instance of this  class  is determined by the identities of its constituting items. Those are one or more of the following:  1) two or more instances of E92 Spacetime Volume  2) one or more instances of E92 Spacetime Volume AND one or more instances of E53 Place.  3) one or more instances of E92 Spacetime Volume AND one or more instances of E52 Time‐Span  4) one or more instances of E53 Place AND one or more instances of E52 Time‐Span  This class can be used to define temporal snapshots at a particular time‐span, such as the extent of the Roman Empire at 33 B.C., or the extent occupied by a museum object at rest in an exhibit. It can also be used to define a spatial snapshot, such as cutting the E92 Spacetime Volume occupied by the Iron Age by the current spatial extent of Austria. It can also be used to define intersections of two or more real spatiotemporal components, such as the E92 Spacetime Volume occupied by the E4 Period of Impressionism with the E92 Spacetime Volume occupied by the life of Van Gogh, or the E92 Spacetime Volume occupied by Imperial China with that claimed by Imperial Vietnam. In particular, it can be used to define partial spatial or temporal projections of spacetime volumes, such as the time‐spans of foreign occupation of a country, or the spatial extent of a flood at some particular hour. Examples:

Definition

The URI of this class is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/E93_Spacetime_Snapshot


This class is a sub class of E92 Spacetime Volume

Properties

P1 identifies , P1 is identified by , P10 contains , P10 falls within , P100 died in , P100 was death of , P101 had as general use , P101 was use of , P102 has title , P102 is title of , P103 was intended for , P103 was intention of , P104 applies to , P104 is subject to , P105 has right on , P105 right held by , P106 forms part of , P106 is composed of , P107 has current or former member , P107 is current or former member of , P108 has produced , P108 was produced by , P109 has current or former curator , P109 is current or former curator of , P11 had participant , P11 participated in , P110 augmented , P110 was augmented by , P111 added , P111 was added by , P112 diminished , P112 was diminished by , P113 removed , P113 was removed by , P114 is equal in time to , P115 finishes , P115 is finished by , P116 is started by , P116 starts , P117 includes , P117 occurs during , P118 is overlapped in time by , P118 overlaps in time with , P119 is met in time by , P119 meets in time with , P12 occurred in the presence of , P12 was present at , P120 occurs after , P120 occurs before , P121 overlaps with , P122 borders with , P123 resulted from , P123 resulted in , P124 transformed , P124 was transformed by , P125 used object of type , P125 was type of object used in , P126 employed , P126 was employed in , P127 has broader term , P127 has narrower term , P128 carries , P128 is carried by , P129 is about , P129 is subject of , P13 destroyed , P13 was destroyed by , P130 features are also found on , P130 shows features of , P131 identifies , P131 is identified by , P132 overlaps with , P133 is separated from , P134 continued , P134 was continued by , P135 created type , P135 was created by , P136 supported type creation , P136 was based on , P137 exemplifies , P137 is exemplified by , P138 has representation , P138 represents , P139 has alternative form , P14 carried out by , P14 performed , P140 assigned attribute to , P140 was attributed by , P141 assigned , P141 was assigned by , P142 used constituent , P142 was used in , P143 joined , P143 was joined by , P144 gained member by , P144 joined with , P145 left by , P145 separated , P146 lost member by , P146 separated from , P147 curated , P147 was curated by , P148 has component , P148 is component of , P149 identifies , P149 is identified by , P15 influenced , P15 was influenced by , P150 defines typical parts of , P150 defines typical wholes for , P151 participated in , P151 was formed from , P152 has parent , P152 is parent of , P153 assigned co-reference to , P153 was regarded to co-refer by , P154 assigned non co-reference to , P154 was regarded not to co-refer by , P155 has co-reference target , P155 is co-reference target of , P156 occupies , P157 is at rest relative to , P157 occupied , P158 occupied , P159 occupied , P16 used specific object , P16 was used for , P160 has temporal projection , P161 has spatial projection , P162 is restricted by , P163 is restricted by , P164 is restricted by , P17 motivated , P17 was motivated by , P19 was intended use of , P19 was made for , P2 has type , P2 is type of , P20 had specific purpose , P20 was purpose of , P21 had general purpose , P21 was purpose of , P22 acquired title through , P22 transferred title to , P23 surrendered title through , P23 transferred title from , P24 changed ownership through , P24 transferred title of , P25 moved , P25 moved by , P26 moved to , P26 was destination of , P27 moved from , P27 was origin of , P28 custody surrendered by , P28 surrendered custody through , P29 custody received by , P29 received custody through , P3 has note , P30 custody transferred through , P30 transferred custody of , P31 has modified , P31 was modified by , P32 used general technique , P32 was technique of , P33 used specific technique , P33 was used by , P34 concerned , P34 was assessed by , P35 has identified , P35 was identified by , P37 assigned , P37 was assigned by , P38 deassigned , P38 was deassigned by , P39 measured , P39 was measured by , P4 has time-span , P4 is time-span of , P40 observed dimension , P40 was observed in , P41 classified , P41 was classified by , P42 assigned , P42 was assigned by , P43 has dimension , P43 is dimension of , P44 has condition , P44 is condition of , P45 consists of , P45 is incorporated in , P46 forms part of , P46 is composed of , P48 has preferred identifier , P48 is preferred identifier of , P49 has former or current keeper , P49 is former or current keeper of , P5 consists of , P5 forms part of , P50 has current keeper , P50 is current keeper of , P51 has former or current owner , P51 is former or current owner of , P52 has current owner , P52 is current owner of , P53 has former or current location , P53 is former or current location of , P54 has current permanent location , P54 is current permanent location of , P55 currently holds , P55 has current location , P56 bears feature , P56 is found on , P57 has number of parts , P58 defines section , P58 has section definition , P59 has section , P59 is located on or within , P62 depicts , P62 is depicted by , P65 is shown by , P65 shows visual item , P67 is referred to by , P67 refers to , P68 foresees use of , P68 use foreseen by , P69 has association with , P69 is associated with , P7 took place at , P7 witnessed , P70 documents , P70 is documented in , P71 is listed in , P71 lists , P72 has language , P72 is language of , P73 has translation , P73 is translation of , P74 has current or former residence , P74 is current or former residence of , P75 is possessed by , P75 possesses , P76 has contact point , P76 provides access to , P78 identifies , P78 is identified by , P79 beginning is qualified by , P8 took place on or within , P8 witnessed , P80 end is qualified by , P81 ongoing throughout , P82 at some time within , P83 had at least duration , P83 was minimum duration of , P84 had at most duration , P84 was maximum duration of , P86 contains , P86 falls within , P87 identifies , P87 is identified by , P89 contains , P89 falls within , P9 consists of , P9 forms part of , P90 has value , P91 has unit , P91 is unit of , P92 brought into existence , P92 was brought into existence by , P93 took out of existence , P93 was taken out of existence by , P94 has created , P94 was created by , P95 has formed , P95 was formed by , P96 by mother , P96 gave birth , P97 from father , P97 was father for , P98 brought into life , P98 was born , P99 dissolved , P99 was dissolved by

P1 identifies (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P1i_identifies

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P1 is identified by
The domain of this property is E41 Appellation
The range of this property is E1 CRM Entity
This property is a super property of P102 is title of P131 identifies P149 identifies P48 is preferred identifier of P78 identifies P87 identifies

P1 is identified by (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property describes the naming or identification of any real world item by a name or any other identifier. This property is intended for identifiers in general use, which form part of the world the model intends to describe, and not merely for internal database identifiers which are specific to a technical system, unless these latter also have a more general use outside the technical context. This property includes in particular identification by mathematical expressions such as coordinate systems used for the identification of instances of E53 Place. The property does not reveal anything about when, where and by whom this identifier was used. A more detailed representation can be made using the fully developed (i.e. indirect) path through E15 Identifier Assignment. Examples: - the capital of Italy (E53) is identified by "Rome" (E48) - text 25014-32 (E33) is identified by "The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire" (E35)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P1_is_identified_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P1 identifies
The domain of this property is E1 CRM Entity
The range of this property is E41 Appellation
This property is a super property of P102 has title P131 is identified by P149 is identified by P48 has preferred identifier P78 is identified by P87 is identified by

P10 contains (Property) object property transitive property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P10i_contains

This property is a transitive, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P10 falls within
The domain of this property is E4 Period
The range of this property is E4 Period

P10 falls within (Property) object property transitive property Definition

Scope note: This property describes an instance of E4 Period, which falls within the E53 Place and E52 Time-Span of another. The difference with P9 consists of (forms part of) is subtle. Unlike P9 consists of (forms part of), P10 falls within (contains) does not imply any logical connection between the two periods and it may refer to a period of a completely different type. Examples: - the Great Plague (E4) falls within The Gothic period (E4)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P10_falls_within

This property is a transitive, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P10 contains
The domain of this property is E4 Period
The range of this property is E4 Period

P100 died in (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P100i_died_in

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P100 was death of
The domain of this property is E21 Person
The range of this property is E69 Death
This property is a sub property of P93 was taken out of existence by

P100 was death of (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property links an E69 Death event to the E21 Person that died. A Death event may involve multiple people, for example in the case of a battle or disaster. This is not intended for use with general Natural History material, only people. Examples: - Mozart's death (E69) was death of Mozart (E21)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P100_was_death_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P100 died in
The domain of this property is E69 Death
The range of this property is E21 Person
This property is a sub property of P93 took out of existence

P101 had as general use (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property links an instance of E70 Thing to an E55 Type of usage. It allows the relationship between particular things, both physical and immaterial, and general methods and techniques of use to be documented. Thus it can be asserted that a baseball bat had a general use for sport and a specific use for threatening people during the Great Train Robbery. Examples: - Tony Gill's Ford Mustang (E22) had as general use transportation (E55)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P101_had_as_general_use

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P101 was use of
The domain of this property is E70 Thing
The range of this property is E55 Type

P101 was use of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P101i_was_use_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P101 had as general use
The domain of this property is E55 Type
The range of this property is E70 Thing

P102 has title (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property describes the E35 Title applied to an instance of E71 Man-Made Thing. The E55 Type of Title is assigned in a sub property. The P102.1 has type property of the P102 has title (is title of) property enables the relationship between the Title and the thing to be further clarified, for example, if the Title was a given Title, a supplied Title etc. It allows any man-made material or immaterial thing to be given a Title. It is possible to imagine a Title being created without a specific object in mind. Examples: - the first book of the Old Testament (E33) has title "Genesis" (E35) has type translated (E55)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P102_has_title

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P102 is title of
The domain of this property is E71 Man-Made Thing
The range of this property is E35 Title
This property is a sub property of P1 is identified by

P102 is title of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P102i_is_title_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P102 has title
The domain of this property is E35 Title
The range of this property is E71 Man-Made Thing
This property is a sub property of P1 identifies

P103 was intended for (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property links an instance of E71 Man-Made Thing to an E55 Type of usage. It creates a property between specific man-made things, both physical and immaterial, to Types of intended methods and techniques of use. Note: A link between specific man-made things and a specific use activity should be expressed using P19 was intended use of (was made for). Examples: - this plate (E22) was intended for being destroyed at wedding reception (E55)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P103_was_intended_for

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P103 was intention of
The domain of this property is E71 Man-Made Thing
The range of this property is E55 Type

P103 was intention of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P103i_was_intention_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P103 was intended for
The domain of this property is E55 Type
The range of this property is E71 Man-Made Thing

P104 applies to (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P104i_applies_to

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P104 is subject to
The domain of this property is E30 Right
The range of this property is E72 Legal Object

P104 is subject to (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property links a particular E72 Legal Object to the instances of E30 Right to which it is subject. The Right is held by an E39 Actor as described by P75 possesses (is possessed by). Examples: - Beatles back catalogue (E72) is subject to reproduction right on Beatles back catalogue (E30)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P104_is_subject_to

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P104 applies to
The domain of this property is E72 Legal Object
The range of this property is E30 Right

P105 has right on (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P105i_has_right_on

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P105 right held by
The domain of this property is E39 Actor
The range of this property is E72 Legal Object
This property is a super property of P52 is current owner of

P105 right held by (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the E39 Actor who holds the instances of E30 Right to an E72 Legal Object. It is a superproperty of P52 has current owner (is current owner of) because ownership is a right that is held on the owned object. P105 right held by (has right on) is a shortcut of the fully developed path from E72 Legal Object through P104 is subject to (applies to), E30 Right, P75 possesses (is possessed by) to E39 Actor. Examples: - Beatles back catalogue (E73) right held by Michael Jackson (E21)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P105_right_held_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P105 has right on
The domain of this property is E72 Legal Object
The range of this property is E39 Actor
This property is a super property of P52 has current owner

P106 forms part of (Property) object property transitive property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P106i_forms_part_of

This property is a transitive, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P106 is composed of
The domain of this property is E90 Symbolic Object
The range of this property is E90 Symbolic Object

P106 is composed of (Property) object property transitive property Definition

Scope note: This property associates an instance of E90 Symbolic Object with a part of it that is by itself an instance of E90 Symbolic Object, such as fragments of texts or clippings from an image. Examples: - this Scope note P106 (E33) is composed of fragments of texts (E33) - 'recognizable' P106 (E90) is composed of 'ecognizabl' (E90)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P106_is_composed_of

This property is a transitive, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P106 forms part of
The domain of this property is E90 Symbolic Object
The range of this property is E90 Symbolic Object

P107 has current or former member (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property relates an E39 Actor to the E74 Group of which that E39 Actor is a member. Groups, Legal Bodies and Persons, may all be members of Groups. A Group necessarily consists of more than one member. This property is a shortcut of the more fully developed path from E74 Group through P144 joined with (gained member by), E85 Joining, P143 joined (was joined by) to E39 Actor The property P107.1 kind of member can be used to specify the type of membership or the role the member has in the group. Examples: - Moholy Nagy (E21) is current or former member of Bauhaus (E74) - National Museum of Science and Industry (E40) has current or former member The National Railway Museum (E40) - The married couple Queen Elisabeth and Prince Phillip (E74) has current or former member Prince Phillip (E21) with P107.1 kind of member husband (E55 Type)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P107_has_current_or_former_member

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P107 is current or former member of
The domain of this property is E74 Group
The range of this property is E39 Actor

P107 is current or former member of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P107i_is_current_or_former_member_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P107 has current or former member
The domain of this property is E39 Actor
The range of this property is E74 Group

P108 has produced (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the E24 Physical Man-Made Thing that came into existence as a result of an E12 Production. The identity of an instance of E24 Physical Man-Made Thing is not defined by its matter, but by its existence as a subject of documentation. An E12 Production can result in the creation of multiple instances of E24 Physical Man-Made Thing. Examples: - the building of Rome (E12) has produced Τhe Colosseum (E22)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P108_has_produced

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P108 was produced by
The domain of this property is E12 Production
The range of this property is E24 Physical Man-Made Thing
This property is a sub property of P31 has modified P92 brought into existence

P108 was produced by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P108i_was_produced_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P108 has produced
The domain of this property is E24 Physical Man-Made Thing
The range of this property is E12 Production
This property is a sub property of P31 was modified by P92 was brought into existence by

P109 has current or former curator (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the E39 Actor or Actors who assume or have assumed overall curatorial responsibility for an E78 Collection. This property is effectively a short-cut. It does not allow a history of curation to be recorded. This would require use of an Event assigning responsibility for a Collection to a curator. Examples: - the Robert Opie Collection (E78) has current or former curator Robert Opie (E39) - the Mikael Heggelund Foslie's coralline red algae Herbarium (E78) has current or former curator Mikael Heggelund Foslie

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P109_has_current_or_former_curator

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P109 is current or former curator of
The domain of this property is E78 Collection
The range of this property is E39 Actor
This property is a sub property of P49 has former or current keeper

P109 is current or former curator of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P109i_is_current_or_former_curator_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P109 has current or former curator
The domain of this property is E39 Actor
The range of this property is E78 Collection
This property is a sub property of P49 is former or current keeper of

P11 had participant (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property describes the active or passive participation of instances of E39 Actors in an E5 Event. It connects the life-line of the related E39 Actor with the E53 Place and E50 Date of the event. The property implies that the Actor was involved in the event but does not imply any causal relationship. The subject of a portrait can be said to have participated in the creation of the portrait. Examples: - Napoleon (E21) participated in The Battle of Waterloo (E7) - Maria (E21) participated in Photographing of Maria (E7)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P11_had_participant

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P11 participated in
The domain of this property is E5 Event
The range of this property is E39 Actor
This property is a sub property of P12 occurred in the presence of
This property is a super property of P14 carried out by P143 joined P144 joined with P145 separated P146 separated from P151 was formed from P96 by mother P99 dissolved

P11 participated in (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P11i_participated_in

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P11 had participant
The domain of this property is E39 Actor
The range of this property is E5 Event
This property is a sub property of P12 was present at
This property is a super property of P14 performed P143 was joined by P144 gained member by P145 left by P146 lost member by P151 participated in P96 gave birth P99 was dissolved by

P110 augmented (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the E24 Physical Man-Made Thing that is added to (augmented) in an E79 Part Addition. Although a Part Addition event normally concerns only one item of Physical Man-Made Thing, it is possible to imagine circumstances under which more than one item might be added to (augmented). For example, the artist Jackson Pollock trailing paint onto multiple canvasses. Examples: - the final nail-insertion Event (E79) augmented Coffin of George VI (E24)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P110_augmented

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P110 was augmented by
The domain of this property is E79 Part Addition
The range of this property is E24 Physical Man-Made Thing
This property is a sub property of P31 has modified

P110 was augmented by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P110i_was_augmented_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P110 augmented
The domain of this property is E24 Physical Man-Made Thing
The range of this property is E79 Part Addition
This property is a sub property of P31 was modified by

P111 added (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the E18 Physical Thing that is added during an E79 Part Addition activity Examples: - the insertion of the final nail (E79) added the last nail in George VI's coffin (E18)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P111_added

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P111 was added by
The domain of this property is E79 Part Addition
The range of this property is E18 Physical Thing
This property is a sub property of P16 used specific object

P111 was added by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P111i_was_added_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P111 added
The domain of this property is E18 Physical Thing
The range of this property is E79 Part Addition
This property is a sub property of P16 was used for

P112 diminished (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the E24 Physical Man-Made Thing that was diminished by E80 Part Removal. Although a Part removal activity normally concerns only one item of Physical Man-Made Thing, it is possible to imagine circumstances under which more than one item might be diminished by a single Part Removal activity. Examples: - the coffin of Tut-Ankh-Amun (E22) was diminished by The opening of the coffin of Tut-Ankh-Amun (E80)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P112_diminished

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P112 was diminished by
The domain of this property is E80 Part Removal
The range of this property is E24 Physical Man-Made Thing
This property is a sub property of P31 has modified

P112 was diminished by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P112i_was_diminished_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P112 diminished
The domain of this property is E24 Physical Man-Made Thing
The range of this property is E80 Part Removal
This property is a sub property of P31 was modified by

P113 removed (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the E18 Physical Thing that is removed during an E80 Part Removal activity. Examples: - the opening of the coffin of Tut-Ankh-Amun (E80) removed The mummy of Tut-Ankh-Amun (E20,E22)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P113_removed

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P113 was removed by
The domain of this property is E80 Part Removal
The range of this property is E18 Physical Thing
This property is a sub property of P12 occurred in the presence of

P113 was removed by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P113i_was_removed_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P113 removed
The domain of this property is E18 Physical Thing
The range of this property is E80 Part Removal
This property is a sub property of P12 was present at

P114 is equal in time to (Property) object property symmetric property transitive property Definition

Scope note: This symmetric property allows the instances of E2 Temporal Entity with the same E52 Time-Span to be equated. This property is only necessary if the time span is unknown (otherwise the equivalence can be calculated). This property is the same as the "equal" relationship of Allen's temporal logic (Allen, 1983, pp. 832-843). Examples: - the destruction of the Villa Justinian Tempus (E6) is equal in time to the death of Maximus Venderus (E69)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P114_is_equal_in_time_to

This property is a transitive, symmetric, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P114 is equal in time to
The domain of this property is E2 Temporal Entity
The range of this property is E2 Temporal Entity

P115 finishes (Property) object property transitive property Definition

Scope note: This property allows the ending point for a E2 Temporal Entity to be situated by reference to the ending point of another temporal entity of longer duration. This property is only necessary if the time span is unknown (otherwise the relationship can be calculated). This property is the same as the "finishes / finished-by" relationships of Allen's temporal logic (Allen, 1983, pp. 832-843). Examples: - Late Bronze Age (E4) finishes Bronze Age (E4)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P115_finishes

This property is a transitive, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P115 is finished by
The domain of this property is E2 Temporal Entity
The range of this property is E2 Temporal Entity

P115 is finished by (Property) object property transitive property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P115i_is_finished_by

This property is a transitive, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P115 finishes
The domain of this property is E2 Temporal Entity
The range of this property is E2 Temporal Entity

P116 is started by (Property) object property transitive property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P116i_is_started_by

This property is a transitive, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P116 starts
The domain of this property is E2 Temporal Entity
The range of this property is E2 Temporal Entity

P116 starts (Property) object property transitive property Definition

Scope note: This property allows the starting point for a E2 Temporal Entity to be situated by reference to the starting point of another temporal entity of longer duration. This property is only necessary if the time span is unknown (otherwise the relationship can be calculated). This property is the same as the "starts / started-by" relationships of Allen's temporal logic (Allen, 1983, pp. 832-843). Examples: - Early Bronze Age (E4) starts Bronze Age (E4)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P116_starts

This property is a transitive, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P116 is started by
The domain of this property is E2 Temporal Entity
The range of this property is E2 Temporal Entity

P117 includes (Property) object property transitive property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P117i_includes

This property is a transitive, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P117 occurs during
The domain of this property is E2 Temporal Entity
The range of this property is E2 Temporal Entity

P117 occurs during (Property) object property transitive property Definition

Scope note: This property allows the entire E52 Time-Span of an E2 Temporal Entity to be situated within the Time-Span of another temporal entity that starts before and ends after the included temporal entity. This property is only necessary if the time span is unknown (otherwise the relationship can be calculated). This property is the same as the "during / includes" relationships of Allen's temporal logic (Allen, 1983, pp. 832-843). Examples: - Middle Saxon period (E4) occurs during Saxon period (E4)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P117_occurs_during

This property is a transitive, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P117 includes
The domain of this property is E2 Temporal Entity
The range of this property is E2 Temporal Entity

P118 is overlapped in time by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P118i_is_overlapped_in_time_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P118 overlaps in time with
The domain of this property is E2 Temporal Entity
The range of this property is E2 Temporal Entity

P118 overlaps in time with (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies an overlap between the instances of E52 Time-Span of two instances of E2 Temporal Entity. It implies a temporal order between the two entities: if A overlaps in time B, then A must start before B, and B must end after A. This property is only necessary if the relevant time spans are unknown (otherwise the relationship can be calculated). This property is the same as the "overlaps / overlapped-by" relationships of Allen's temporal logic (Allen, 1983, pp. 832-843). Examples: - the Iron Age (E4) overlaps in time with the Roman period (E4)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P118_overlaps_in_time_with

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P118 is overlapped in time by
The domain of this property is E2 Temporal Entity
The range of this property is E2 Temporal Entity

P119 is met in time by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P119i_is_met_in_time_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P119 meets in time with
The domain of this property is E2 Temporal Entity
The range of this property is E2 Temporal Entity

P119 meets in time with (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property indicates that one E2 Temporal Entity immediately follows another. It implies a particular order between the two entities: if A meets in time with B, then A must precede B. This property is only necessary if the relevant time spans are unknown (otherwise the relationship can be calculated). This property is the same as the "meets / met-by" relationships of Allen's temporal logic (Allen, 1983, pp. 832-843). Examples: - Early Saxon Period (E4) meets in time with Middle Saxon Period (E4)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P119_meets_in_time_with

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P119 is met in time by
The domain of this property is E2 Temporal Entity
The range of this property is E2 Temporal Entity

P12 occurred in the presence of (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property describes the active or passive presence of an E77 Persistent Item in an E5 Event without implying any specific role. It connects the history of a thing with the E53 Place and E50 Date of an event. For example, an object may be the desk, now in a museum on which a treaty was signed. The presence of an immaterial thing implies the presence of at least one of its carriers. Examples: - Deckchair 42 (E19) was present at The sinking of the Titanic (E5)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P12_occurred_in_the_presence_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P12 was present at
The domain of this property is E5 Event
The range of this property is E77 Persistent Item
This property is a super property of P11 had participant P113 removed P16 used specific object P25 moved P31 has modified P92 brought into existence P93 took out of existence

P12 was present at (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P12i_was_present_at

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P12 occurred in the presence of
The domain of this property is E77 Persistent Item
The range of this property is E5 Event
This property is a super property of P11 participated in P113 was removed by P16 was used for P25 moved by P31 was modified by P92 was brought into existence by P93 was taken out of existence by

P120 occurs after (Property) object property transitive property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P120i_occurs_after

This property is a transitive, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P120 occurs before
The domain of this property is E2 Temporal Entity
The range of this property is E2 Temporal Entity

P120 occurs before (Property) object property transitive property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the relative chronological sequence of two temporal entities. It implies that a temporal gap exists between the end of A and the start of B. This property is only necessary if the relevant time spans are unknown (otherwise the relationship can be calculated). This property is the same as the "before / after" relationships of Allen's temporal logic (Allen, 1983, pp. 832-843). Examples: - Early Bronze Age (E4) occurs before Late Bronze age (E4)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P120_occurs_before

This property is a transitive, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P120 occurs after
The domain of this property is E2 Temporal Entity
The range of this property is E2 Temporal Entity

P121 overlaps with (Property) object property symmetric property Definition

Scope note: This symmetric property allows the instances of E53 Place with overlapping geometric extents to be associated with each other. It does not specify anything about the shared area. This property is purely spatial, in contrast to Allen operators, which are purely temporal. Examples: - the territory of the United States (E53) overlaps with the Arctic (E53)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P121_overlaps_with

This property is a symmetric, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P121 overlaps with
The domain of this property is E53 Place
The range of this property is E53 Place

P122 borders with (Property) object property symmetric property Definition

Scope note: This symmetric property allows the instances of E53 Place which share common borders to be related as such. This property is purely spatial, in contrast to Allen operators, which are purely temporal. Examples: - Scotland (E53) borders with England (E53)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P122_borders_with

This property is a symmetric, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P122 borders with
The domain of this property is E53 Place
The range of this property is E53 Place

P123 resulted from (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P123i_resulted_from

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P123 resulted in
The domain of this property is E77 Persistent Item
The range of this property is E81 Transformation
This property is a sub property of P92 was brought into existence by

P123 resulted in (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the E77 Persistent Item or items that are the result of an E81 Transformation. New items replace the transformed item or items, which cease to exist as units of documentation. The physical continuity between the old and the new is expressed by the link to the common Transformation. Examples: - the transformation of the Venetian Loggia in Heraklion into a city hall (E81) resulted in the City Hall of Heraklion (E22) - the death and mummification of Tut-Ankh-Amun (E81) resulted in the Mummy of Tut Tut-Ankh-Amun (E22 and E20)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P123_resulted_in

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P123 resulted from
The domain of this property is E81 Transformation
The range of this property is E77 Persistent Item
This property is a sub property of P92 brought into existence

P124 transformed (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the E77 Persistent Item or items that cease to exist due to a E81 Transformation. It is replaced by the result of the Transformation, which becomes a new unit of documentation. The continuity between both items, the new and the old, is expressed by the link to the common Transformation. Examples: - the transformation of the Venetian Loggia in Heraklion into a city hall (E81) transformed the Venetian Loggia in Heraklion (E22) the death and mummification of Tut-Ankh-Amun (E81) transformed the ruling Pharao Tut-Ankh-Amun (E21)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P124_transformed

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P124 was transformed by
The domain of this property is E81 Transformation
The range of this property is E77 Persistent Item
This property is a sub property of P93 took out of existence

P124 was transformed by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P124i_was_transformed_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P124 transformed
The domain of this property is E77 Persistent Item
The range of this property is E81 Transformation
This property is a sub property of P93 was taken out of existence by

P125 used object of type (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property defines the kind of objects used in an E7 Activity, when the specific instance is either unknown or not of interest, such as use of "a hammer". Examples: - at the Battle of Agincourt (E7), the English archers used object of type long bow (E55)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P125_used_object_of_type

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P125 was type of object used in
The domain of this property is E7 Activity
The range of this property is E55 Type
This property is a super property of P32 used general technique

P125 was type of object used in (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P125i_was_type_of_object_used_in

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P125 used object of type
The domain of this property is E55 Type
The range of this property is E7 Activity
This property is a super property of P32 was technique of

P126 employed (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies E57 Material employed in an E11 Modification. The E57 Material used during the E11 Modification does not necessarily become incorporated into the E24 Physical Man-Made Thing that forms the subject of the E11 Modification. Examples: - the repairing of the Queen Mary (E11) employed Steel (E57) - distilled water (E57) was employed in the restoration of the Sistine Chapel (E11)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P126_employed

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P126 was employed in
The domain of this property is E11 Modification
The range of this property is E57 Material

P126 was employed in (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P126i_was_employed_in

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P126 employed
The domain of this property is E57 Material
The range of this property is E11 Modification

P127 has broader term (Property) object property transitive property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies a super-Type to which an E55 Type is related. It allows Types to be organised into hierarchies. This is the sense of "broader term generic (BTG)" as defined in ISO 2788. Examples: - dime (E55) has broader term coin (E55)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P127_has_broader_term

This property is a transitive, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P127 has narrower term
The domain of this property is E55 Type
The range of this property is E55 Type

P127 has narrower term (Property) object property transitive property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P127i_has_narrower_term

This property is a transitive, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P127 has broader term
The domain of this property is E55 Type
The range of this property is E55 Type

P128 carries (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies an E90 Symbolic Object carried by an instance of E24 Physical Man-Made Thing. In general this would be an E84 Information Carrier P65 shows visual item (is shown by) is a specialisation of P128 carries (is carried by) which should be used for carrying visual items. Examples: - Matthew's paperback copy of Reach for the Sky (E84) carries the text of Reach for the Sky (E73)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P128_carries

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P128 is carried by
The domain of this property is E24 Physical Man-Made Thing
The range of this property is E90 Symbolic Object
This property is a sub property of P130 shows features of
This property is a super property of P65 shows visual item

P128 is carried by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P128i_is_carried_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P128 carries
The domain of this property is E90 Symbolic Object
The range of this property is E24 Physical Man-Made Thing
This property is a sub property of P130 features are also found on
This property is a super property of P65 is shown by

P129 is about (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property documents that an E89 Propositional Object has as subject an instance of E1 CRM Entity. This differs from P67 refers to (is referred to by), which refers to an E1 CRM Entity, in that it describes the primary subject or subjects of an E89 Propositional Object. Examples: - the text entitled 'Reach for the sky' (E33) is about Douglas Bader (E21)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P129_is_about

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P129 is subject of
The domain of this property is E89 Propositional Object
The range of this property is E1 CRM Entity
This property is a sub property of P67 refers to

P129 is subject of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P129i_is_subject_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P129 is about
The domain of this property is E1 CRM Entity
The range of this property is E89 Propositional Object
This property is a sub property of P67 is referred to by

P13 destroyed (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property allows specific instances of E18 Physical Thing that have been destroyed to be related to a destruction event. Destruction implies the end of an item's life as a subject of cultural documentation – the physical matter of which the item was composed may in fact continue to exist. A destruction event may be contiguous with a Production that brings into existence a derived object composed partly of matter from the destroyed object. Example: - the Tay Bridge Desaster (E6) destroyed The Tay Bridge (E22)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P13_destroyed

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P13 was destroyed by
The domain of this property is E6 Destruction
The range of this property is E18 Physical Thing
This property is a sub property of P93 took out of existence

P13 was destroyed by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P13i_was_destroyed_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P13 destroyed
The domain of this property is E18 Physical Thing
The range of this property is E6 Destruction
This property is a sub property of P93 was taken out of existence by

P130 features are also found on (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P130i_features_are_also_found_on

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P130 shows features of
The domain of this property is E70 Thing
The range of this property is E70 Thing
This property is a super property of P128 is carried by P73 is translation of

P130 shows features of (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property generalises the notions of "copy of" and "similar to" into a dynamic, asymmetric relationship, where the domain expresses the derivative, if such a direction can be established. Otherwise, the relationship is symmetric. It is a short-cut of P15 was influenced by (influenced) in a creation or production, if such a reason for the similarity can be verified. Moreover it expresses similarity in cases that can be stated between two objects only, without historical knowledge about its reasons. Examples: - the Parthenon Frieze on the Acropolis in Athens (E22) shows features of the Original Parthenon Frieze in the British museum (E22). Kind of similarity: Copy (E55)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P130_shows_features_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P130 features are also found on
The domain of this property is E70 Thing
The range of this property is E70 Thing
This property is a super property of P128 carries P73 has translation

P131 identifies (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P131i_identifies

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P131 is identified by
The domain of this property is E82 Actor Appellation
The range of this property is E39 Actor
This property is a sub property of P1 identifies

P131 is identified by (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies a name used specifically to identify an E39 Actor. This property is a specialisation of P1 is identified by (identifies) is identified by. Examples: - Tyler Withersopp IV (E39) is identified by "US social security number 619-17-4204" (E82)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P131_is_identified_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P131 identifies
The domain of this property is E39 Actor
The range of this property is E82 Actor Appellation
This property is a sub property of P1 is identified by

P132 overlaps with (Property) object property symmetric property Definition

Scope note: This symmetric property allows instances of E4 Period that overlap both temporally and spatially to be related, i,e. they share some spatio-temporal extent. This property does not imply any ordering or sequence between the two periods, either spatial or temporal. Examples: - the "Urnfield" period (E4) overlaps with the "Hallstatt" period (E4)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P132_overlaps_with

This property is a symmetric, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P132 overlaps with
The domain of this property is E4 Period
The range of this property is E4 Period

P133 is separated from (Property) object property symmetric property Definition

Scope note: This symmetric property allows instances of E4 Period that do not overlap both temporally and spatially, to be related i,e. they do not share any spatio-temporal extent. This property does not imply any ordering or sequence between the two periods either spatial or temporal. Examples: - the "Hallstatt" period (E4) is separated from the "La Tène" era (E4)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P133_is_separated_from

This property is a symmetric, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P133 is separated from
The domain of this property is E4 Period
The range of this property is E4 Period

P134 continued (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property allows two activities to be related where the domain is considered as an intentional continuation of the range. Used multiple times, this allows a chain of related activities to be created which follow each other in sequence. Examples: - the construction of the Kölner Dom (Cologne Cathedral) (E7), abandoned in the 15th century, was continued by construction in the 19th century adapting the initial plans so as to preserve the intended appearance (E7)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P134_continued

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P134 was continued by
The domain of this property is E7 Activity
The range of this property is E7 Activity
This property is a sub property of P15 was influenced by

P134 was continued by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P134i_was_continued_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P134 continued
The domain of this property is E7 Activity
The range of this property is E7 Activity
This property is a sub property of P15 influenced

P135 created type (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the E55 Type, which is created in an E83Type Creation activity. Examples: - the description of a new ribbon worm species by Bürger (E83) created type 'Lineus coxinus (Bürger, 1892)' (E55)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P135_created_type

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P135 was created by
The domain of this property is E83 Type Creation
The range of this property is E55 Type
This property is a sub property of P94 has created

P135 was created by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P135i_was_created_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P135 created type
The domain of this property is E55 Type
The range of this property is E83 Type Creation
This property is a sub property of P94 was created by

P136 supported type creation (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P136i_supported_type_creation

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P136 was based on
The domain of this property is E1 CRM Entity
The range of this property is E83 Type Creation
This property is a sub property of P15 influenced

P136 was based on (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies one or more items that were used as evidence to declare a new E55 Type. The examination of these items is often the only objective way to understand the precise characteristics of a new Type. Such items should be deposited in a museum or similar institution for that reason. The taxonomic role renders the specific relationship of each item to the Type, such as "holotype" or "original element". Examples: - the taxon creation of the plant species 'Serratula glauca Linné, 1753.' (E83) was based on Object BM000576251 of the Clayton Herbarium (E20) in the taxonomic role original element (E55)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P136_was_based_on

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P136 supported type creation
The domain of this property is E83 Type Creation
The range of this property is E1 CRM Entity
This property is a sub property of P15 was influenced by

P137 exemplifies (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property allows an item to be declared as a particular example of an E55 Type or taxon. The P137.1 in the taxonomic role property of P137 exemplifies (is exemplified by) allows differentiation of taxonomic roles. The taxonomic role renders the specific relationship of this example to the Type, such as "prototypical", "archetypical", "lectotype", etc. The taxonomic role "lectotype" is not associated with the Type Creation (E83) itself, but selected in a later phase. Examples: - Object BM000098044 of the Clayton Herbarium (E20) exemplifies Spigelia marilandica (L.) L. (E55) in the taxonomic role lectotype

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P137_exemplifies

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P137 is exemplified by
The domain of this property is E1 CRM Entity
The range of this property is E55 Type
This property is a sub property of P2 has type

P137 is exemplified by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P137i_is_exemplified_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P137 exemplifies
The domain of this property is E55 Type
The range of this property is E1 CRM Entity
This property is a sub property of P2 is type of

P138 has representation (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P138i_has_representation

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P138 represents
The domain of this property is E1 CRM Entity
The range of this property is E36 Visual Item
This property is a sub property of P67 is referred to by

P138 represents (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property establishes the relationship between an E36 Visual Item and the entity that it visually represents. Any entity may be represented visually. This property is part of the fully developed path from E24 Physical Man-Made Thing through P65 shows visual item (is shown by), E36 Visual Item, P138 represents (has representation) to E1 CRM Entity, which is shortcut by P62depicts (is depicted by). P138.1 mode of representation allows the nature of the representation to be refined. This property is also used for the relationship between an original and a digitisation of the original by the use of techniques such as digital photography, flatbed or infrared scanning. Digitisation is here seen as a process with a mechanical, causal component rendering the spatial distribution of structural and optical properties of the original and does not necessarily include any visual similarity identifiable by human observation." Examples: - the digital file found at http://www.emunch.no/N/full/No-MM_N0001-01.jpg (E73) represents page 1 of Edward Munch's manuscript MM N 1, Munch-museet (E73) mode of representation Digitisation(E55)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P138_represents

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P138 has representation
The domain of this property is E36 Visual Item
The range of this property is E1 CRM Entity
This property is a sub property of P67 refers to

P139 has alternative form (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property establishes a relationship of equivalence between two instances of E41 Appellation independent from any item identified by them. It is a dynamic asymmetric relationship, where the range expresses the derivative, if such a direction can be established. Otherwise, the relationship is symmetric. The relationship is not transitive. The equivalence applies to all cases of use of an instance of E41 Appellation. Multiple names assigned to an object, which are not equivalent for all things identified with a specific instance of E41 Appellation, should be modelled as repeated values of P1 is identified by (identifies). P139.1 has type allows the type of derivation, such as "transliteration from Latin 1 to ASCII" be refined. Examples: - "Martin Doerr" (E41) has alternative form "Martin Dörr" (E41) has type Alternate spelling (E55) - "Гончарова, Наталья Сергеевна" (E41) has alternative form "Gončarova, Natal´â Sergeevna" (E41) has type ISO 9:1995 transliteration (E55) - "Αθήνα" has alternative form "Athina" has type transcription

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P139_has_alternative_form

This property is a object property.


The domain of this property is E41 Appellation
The range of this property is E41 Appellation

P14 carried out by (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property describes the active participation of an E39 Actor in an E7 Activity. It implies causal or legal responsibility. The P14.1 in the role of property of the property allows the nature of an Actor's participation to be specified. Examples: - the painting of the Sistine Chapel (E7) carried out by Michaelangelo Buonaroti (E21) in the role of master craftsman (E55)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P14_carried_out_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P14 performed
The domain of this property is E7 Activity
This property is a sub property of P11 had participant
This property is a super property of P22 transferred title to P23 transferred title from P28 custody surrendered by P29 custody received by

P14 performed (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P14i_performed

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P14 carried out by
The range of this property is E7 Activity
This property is a sub property of P11 participated in
This property is a super property of P22 acquired title through P23 surrendered title through P28 surrendered custody through P29 received custody through

P140 assigned attribute to (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property indicates the item to which an attribute or relation is assigned. Examples: - February 1997 Current Ownership Assessment of Martin Doerr's silver cup (E13) assigned attribute to Martin Doerr's silver cup (E19) - 01 June 1997 Identifier Assignment of the silver cup donated by Martin Doerr (E15) assigned attribute to silver cup 232 (E19)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P140_assigned_attribute_to

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P140 was attributed by
The domain of this property is E13 Attribute Assignment
The range of this property is E1 CRM Entity
This property is a super property of P153 assigned co-reference to P154 assigned non co-reference to P34 concerned P39 measured P41 classified

P140 was attributed by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P140i_was_attributed_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P140 assigned attribute to
The domain of this property is E1 CRM Entity
The range of this property is E13 Attribute Assignment
This property is a super property of P153 was regarded to co-refer by P154 was regarded not to co-refer by P34 was assessed by P39 was measured by P41 was classified by

P141 assigned (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property indicates the attribute that was assigned or the item that was related to the item denoted by a property P140 assigned attribute to in an Attribute assignment action. Examples: - February 1997 Current Ownership Assessment of Martin Doerr's silver cup (E13) assigned Martin Doerr (E21) - 01 June 1997 Identifier Assignment of the silver cup donated by Martin Doerr (E15) assigned object identifier 232

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P141_assigned

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P141 was assigned by
The domain of this property is E13 Attribute Assignment
The range of this property is E1 CRM Entity
This property is a super property of P155 has co-reference target P35 has identified P37 assigned P38 deassigned P40 observed dimension P42 assigned

P141 was assigned by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P141i_was_assigned_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P141 assigned
The domain of this property is E1 CRM Entity
The range of this property is E13 Attribute Assignment
This property is a super property of P155 is co-reference target of P35 was identified by P37 was assigned by P38 was deassigned by P40 was observed in P42 was assigned by

P142 used constituent (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property associates the event of assigning an instance of E42 Identifier with the instances of E90 Symbolic Object that were used as constituents of the identifier. Examples: - On June 1, 2001 assigning the personal name identifier “Guillaume, de Machaut, ca. 1300-1377” (E15) used constituent “ca. 1300-1377” (E49) - Assigning a uniform title to the anonymous textual work known as ‘The Adoration of the Shepherds’(E15) used constituent ‘Coventry’ (E48) - Assigning a uniform title to Pina Bausch’s choreographic work entitled ‘Rite of spring’ (E15) used constituent ‘(Choreographic Work: Bausch)’(E90) - Assigning a uniform title to the motion picture directed in 1933 by Merian C. Cooper and Ernest B. Schoedsack and entitled ‘King Kong’ (E15) used constituent ‘1933’ (E50) - Assigning the corporate name identifier ‘Univerza v Ljubljani. Oddelek za bibliotekarstvo’ to The Department for library science of the University of Ljubljana (E15) used constituent ‘Univerza v Ljubljani’ (E42)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P142_used_constituent

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P142 was used in
The domain of this property is E15 Identifier Assignment
The range of this property is E90 Symbolic Object
This property is a sub property of P16 used specific object

P142 was used in (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P142i_was_used_in

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P142 used constituent
The domain of this property is E90 Symbolic Object
The range of this property is E15 Identifier Assignment
This property is a sub property of P16 was used for

P143 joined (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the instance of E39 Actor that becomes member of a E74 Group in an E85 Joining. Joining events allow for describing people becoming members of a group with a more detailed path from E74 Group through P144 joined with (gained member by), E85 Joining, P143 joined (was joined by) to E39 Actor, compared to the shortcut offered by P107 has current or former member (is current or former member of). Examples: - the election of Sir Isaac Newton as Member of Parliament to the Convention Parliament of 1689 (E85) joined Sir Isaac Newton (E21) - the inauguration of Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev as leader of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) in 1985 (E85) joined Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (E21) - the implementation of the membership treaty January 1. 1973 between EU and Denmark (E85) joined Denmark (E40)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P143_joined

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P143 was joined by
The domain of this property is E85 Joining
This property is a sub property of P11 had participant

P143 was joined by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P143i_was_joined_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P143 joined
The domain of this property is E39 Actor
The range of this property is E85 Joining
This property is a sub property of P11 participated in

P144 gained member by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P144i_gained_member_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P144 joined with
The domain of this property is E74 Group
The range of this property is E85 Joining
This property is a sub property of P11 participated in

P144 joined with (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the instance of E74 Group of which an instance of E39 Actor becomes a member through an instance of E85 Joining. Although a Joining activity normally concerns only one instance of E74 Group, it is possible to imagine circumstances under which becoming member of one Group implies becoming member of another Group as well. Joining events allow for describing people becoming members of a group with a more detailed path from E74 Group through P144 joined with (gained member by), E85 Joining, P143 joined (was joined by) to E39 Actor, compared to the shortcut offered by P1 has current or former member (is current or former member of). The property P144.1 kind of member can be used to specify the type of membership or the role the member has in the group. Examples: - the election of Sir Isaac Newton as Member of Parliament to the Convention Parliament of 1689 (E85) joined with the Convention Parliament (E40) - the inauguration of Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev as Leader of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) in 1985 (E85) joined with the office of Leader of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) (E40) with P144.1 kind of member President (E55) - the implementation of the membership treaty January 1. 1973 between EU and Denmark (E85) joined with EU (E40)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P144_joined_with

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P144 gained member by
The domain of this property is E85 Joining
The range of this property is E74 Group
This property is a sub property of P11 had participant

P145 left by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P145i_left_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P145 separated
The domain of this property is E39 Actor
The range of this property is E86 Leaving
This property is a sub property of P11 participated in

P145 separated (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the instance of E39 Actor that leaves an instance of E74 Group through an instance of E86 Leaving. Examples: - the end of Sir Isaac Newton's duty as Member of Parliament for the University of Cambridge to the Convention Parliament in 1702 separated Sir Isaac Newton - George Washington's leaving office in 1797 separated George Washington - the implementation of the treaty regulating the termination of Greenland membership in EU between EU, Denmark and Greenland February 1. 1985 (E86) separated Greenland (E40)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P145_separated

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P145 left by
The domain of this property is E86 Leaving
This property is a sub property of P11 had participant

P146 lost member by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P146i_lost_member_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P146 separated from
The domain of this property is E74 Group
The range of this property is E86 Leaving
This property is a sub property of P11 participated in

P146 separated from (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the instance of E74 Group an instance of E39 Actor leaves through an instance of E86 Leaving. Although a Leaving activity normally concerns only one instance of E74 Group, it is possible to imagine circumstances under which leaving one E74 Group implies leaving another E74 Group as well. Examples: - The end of Sir Isaac Newton's duty as Member of Parliament for the University of Cambridge to the Convention Parliament in 1702 separated from the Convention Parliament - George Washington's leaving office in 1797 separated from the office of President of the United States - the implementation of the treaty regulating the termination of Greenland membership in EU between EU, Denmark and Greenland February 1. 1985 separated from EU (E40)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P146_separated_from

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P146 lost member by
The domain of this property is E86 Leaving
The range of this property is E74 Group
This property is a sub property of P11 had participant

P147 curated (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property associates an instance of E87 Curation Activity with the instance of E78 Collection or collections with that is subject of athat curation activity following some implicit or explicit curation plan. Examples: - the activities (E87) by the Benaki Museum curated the acquisition of dolls and games of urban and folk manufacture dating from the 17th to the 20th century, from England, France and Germany for the "Toys, Games and Childhood Collection (E78) of the Museum - the activities (E87) of the Historical Museum of Crete, Heraklion, Crete, curated the development of the permanent Numismatic Collection (E78) - the activities (E87) by Mikael Heggelund Foslie curated the Mikael Heggelund Foslie's coralline red algae Herbarium

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P147_curated

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P147 was curated by
The domain of this property is E87 Curation Activity
The range of this property is E78 Collection

P147 was curated by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P147i_was_curated_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P147 curated
The domain of this property is E78 Collection
The range of this property is E87 Curation Activity

P148 has component (Property) object property transitive property Definition

Scope note: This property associates an instance of E89 Propositional Object with a structural part of it that is by itself an instance of E89 Propositional Object. Examples: - Dante's "Divine Comedy" (E89) has component Dante's "Hell" (E89)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P148_has_component

This property is a transitive, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P148 is component of
The domain of this property is E89 Propositional Object
The range of this property is E89 Propositional Object

P148 is component of (Property) object property transitive property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P148i_is_component_of

This property is a transitive, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P148 has component
The domain of this property is E89 Propositional Object
The range of this property is E89 Propositional Object

P149 identifies (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P149i_identifies

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P149 is identified by
The domain of this property is E75 Conceptual Object Appellation
The range of this property is E28 Conceptual Object
This property is a sub property of P1 identifies

P149 is identified by (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies an instance of E28 Conceptual Object using an instance of E75 Conceptual Object Appellation. Examples: - The German edition of the CIDOC CRM (E73) is identified by ISBN 978-3-00-030907-6 (E75)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P149_is_identified_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P149 identifies
The domain of this property is E28 Conceptual Object
The range of this property is E75 Conceptual Object Appellation
This property is a sub property of P1 is identified by

P15 influenced (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P15i_influenced

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P15 was influenced by
The domain of this property is E1 CRM Entity
The range of this property is E7 Activity
This property is a super property of P134 was continued by P136 supported type creation P16 was used for P17 motivated

P15 was influenced by (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This is a high level property, which captures the relationship between an E7 Activity and anything that may have had some bearing upon it. The property has more specific sub properties. Examples: - the designing of the Sydney Harbour Bridge (E7) was influenced by the Tyne bridge (E22)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P15_was_influenced_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P15 influenced
The domain of this property is E7 Activity
The range of this property is E1 CRM Entity
This property is a super property of P134 continued P136 was based on P16 used specific object P17 was motivated by

P150 defines typical parts of (Property) object property transitive property Definition

Scope note: The property “broaderPartitive” associates an instance of E55 Type “A” with an instance of E55 Type “B”, when items of type “A” typically form part of items of type “B”, such as “car motors” and “cars”. It allows Types to be organised into hierarchies. This is the sense of "broader term partitive (BTP)" as defined in ISO 2788 and “broaderPartitive” in SKOS. Examples: - Car motors (E55) has broader term cars (E55)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P150_defines_typical_parts_of

This property is a transitive, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P150 defines typical wholes for
The domain of this property is E55 Type
The range of this property is E55 Type

P150 defines typical wholes for (Property) object property transitive property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P150i_defines_typical_wholes_for

This property is a transitive, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P150 defines typical parts of
The domain of this property is E55 Type
The range of this property is E55 Type

P151 participated in (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P151i_participated_in

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P151 was formed from
The domain of this property is E74 Group
The range of this property is E66 Formation
This property is a sub property of P11 participated in

P151 was formed from (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property associates an instance of E66 Formation with an instance of E74 Group from which the new group was formed preserving a sense of continuity such as in mission, membership or tradition. Examples: - The formation of the House of Bourbon-Conti in 1581 (E66) was formed from House of Condé (E74)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P151_was_formed_from

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P151 participated in
The domain of this property is E66 Formation
The range of this property is E74 Group
This property is a sub property of P11 had participant

P152 has parent (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: It appears that there is a notion of events justifying parenthood relationships in a biological or legal sense. There is a notion of legal parenthood being equal to or equivalent to biological parenthood. The fact that the legal system may not acknowledge biological parenthood is not a contradiction to a more general concept comprising both biological and legal sense. In particular, such a notion should imply as default children being heirs, if the society supports such concept. Superproperty of paths for was born – gave birth, was born, by father..

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P152_has_parent

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P152 is parent of
The domain of this property is E21 Person
The range of this property is E21 Person

P152 is parent of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P152i_is_parent_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P152 has parent
The domain of this property is E21 Person
The range of this property is E21 Person

P153 assigned co-reference to (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property connects an E91 Co-Reference Assignment to one of the propositional objects co-referring to the co-reference target

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P153_assigned_co-reference_to

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P153 was regarded to co-refer by
The domain of this property is E91 Co-Reference Assignment
The range of this property is E89 Propositional Object
This property is a sub property of P140 assigned attribute to

P153 was regarded to co-refer by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P153i_was_regarded_to_co-refer_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P153 assigned co-reference to
The domain of this property is E89 Propositional Object
The range of this property is E91 Co-Reference Assignment
This property is a sub property of P140 was attributed by

P154 assigned non co-reference to (Property) object property Definition

Scope Note: This property connects an E91 Co-Reference Assignment to one of the propositional objects not co-referring to the co-reference target

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P154_assigned_non_co-reference_to

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P154 was regarded not to co-refer by
The domain of this property is E91 Co-Reference Assignment
The range of this property is E89 Propositional Object
This property is a sub property of P140 assigned attribute to

P154 was regarded not to co-refer by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P154i_was_regarded_not_to_co-refer_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P154 assigned non co-reference to
The domain of this property is E89 Propositional Object
The range of this property is E91 Co-Reference Assignment
This property is a sub property of P140 was attributed by

P155 has co-reference target (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property connects an E91 Co-Reference Assignment to the target of the references that are regarded as co-referring.

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P155_has_co-reference_target

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P155 is co-reference target of
The domain of this property is E91 Co-Reference Assignment
This property is a sub property of P141 assigned

P155 is co-reference target of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P155i_is_co-reference_target_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P155 has co-reference target
The range of this property is E91 Co-Reference Assignment
This property is a sub property of P141 was assigned by

P156 occupies (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property describes the maximal real volume in space that an instance of E18 Physical Thing has occupied during its lifetime with respect to a reference space relative to which the thing is at rest. In other words, it is the volume that contains all the points which the thing has covered at some time during its existence. In the case of an E26 Physical Feature the default reference space is the one in which the object that bears the feature or at least the surrounding matter of the feature is at rest. In this case there is a 1:1 relation of E26 Feature and E5 3 Place. For simplicity of implementation multiple inheritance (E26 Feature IsA E53 Pl ace) may be a practical approach. For instances of E19 Physical Obj ects the default reference space is the one which is at rest to the object itself, i.e. which moves to gether with the object. We include in the occupied space the space filled by the matter of the physical thing and all its inner spaces. This property is a shortcut of the fully developed path from ‘E18 Physical Thing’ through ‘P157 occupied’, ‘E92 Spacetime Volume’, ‘P159 has spatial projection’ to ‘E53 Place’ . For some instances of E18 Physical Object the relative stability of form may not be sufficient to define a useful local reference space, for instance for an amoeba. In such cases the fully developed path to an external reference space and using a temporal validity component may be adeq uate to determine the place they have occupied. In contrast to P156 occupies, the property P53 has former or current location identifies an instance of E53 Place at which a thing is or has been for some uns pecified time span. Furt her it does not constrain this reference space of the re ferred instance of P53 Place. Examples:

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P156_occupies

This property is a object property.


The domain of this property is E18 Physical Thing
The range of this property is E53 Place

P157 is at rest relative to (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property associates an instance of E53 Place with the in stance of E18 Physical Thing that determines a reference space for this instance of E53 Place by being at rest with respect to this reference space. The relative stability of form of an E18 Physical Thing defines its default reference space. The reference space is not spatially limited to the referred thing. For example, a ship determines a reference space in terms of which other ships in its neighbourhood may be described. Larger constellations of matter, such as continental plates, may comprise many physical features that are at rest with them and define the same reference space. Examples:

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P157_is_at_rest_relative_to

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P157 occupied
The domain of this property is E53 Place
The range of this property is E18 Physical Thing
This property is a super property of P59 is located on or within

P157 occupied (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P157i_occupied

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P157 is at rest relative to
The domain of this property is E18 Physical Thing
The range of this property is E53 Place
This property is a super property of P59 has section

P158 occupied (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property associates an instance of E4 Period with the real (phenomenal) 4 dimensional point set (volume) in spacetime that it has occupied. The associated instance of E92 Spacetime Volume includes the trajectories of the participating physical things during their participation in the instance of E4 Period, the open spaces via which they have interacted and the spaces by which they had the potential to interact during that period or event in the way defined by the type of the respective period or event, such as the air in a meeting room transferring the voices. Another example are the areas controlled by some military power. In general, instances of E4 Period have fuzzy boundaries in spacetime. Examples:

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P158_occupied

This property is a object property.


The domain of this property is E4 Period
The range of this property is E92 Spacetime Volume

P159 occupied (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property describes the real (phenomenal) 4 dimensional point sets (volumes) in spacetime that the trajectory of an instance of E18 Physical Thing occupies in spacetime in the course of its existence. We include in the occupied space the space filled by the matter of the physical thing and all its inner spaces. Examples:

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P159_occupied

This property is a object property.


The domain of this property is E18 Physical Thing
The range of this property is E92 Spacetime Volume

P16 used specific object (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property describes the use of material or immaterial things in a way essential to the performance or the outcome of an E7 Activity. This property typically applies to tools, instruments, moulds, raw materials and items embedded in a product. It implies that the presence of the object in question was a necessary condition for the action. For example, the activity of writing this text required the use of a computer. An immaterial thing can be used if at least one of its carriers is present. For example, the software tools on a computer. Another example is the use of a particular name by a particular group of people over some span to identify a thing, such as a settlement. In this case, the physical carriers of this name are at least the people understanding its use. Examples: - the writing of this scope note (E7) used specific object Nicholas Crofts' computer (E22) mode of use Typing Tool; Storage Medium (E55) - the people of Iraq calling the place identified by TGN '7017998' (E7) used specific object "Quyunjig" (E44) mode of use Current; Vernacular (E55)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P16_used_specific_object

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P16 was used for
The domain of this property is E7 Activity
The range of this property is E70 Thing
This property is a sub property of P12 occurred in the presence of P15 was influenced by
This property is a super property of P111 added P142 used constituent P33 used specific technique

P16 was used for (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P16i_was_used_for

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P16 used specific object
The domain of this property is E70 Thing
The range of this property is E7 Activity
This property is a sub property of P12 was present at P15 influenced
This property is a super property of P111 was added by P142 was used in P33 was used by

P160 has temporal projection (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property describes the temporal projection of an instance of an E92 Spacetime Volume. The property P4 has time-span is a shortcut of the more fully developed path from E4 Period through P158 occupied, E92 Spacetime Volume P160 has temporal projection to E52 Time Span. Examples:

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P160_has_temporal_projection

This property is a object property.


The domain of this property is E92 Spacetime Volume
The range of this property is E52 Time-Span

P161 has spatial projection (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property associates an instance of a E92 Spacetime Volume with an instance of E53 Place that is the result of the spatial projection of the instance of a E92 Spacetime Volume on a reference space. In general there can be more than one useful reference space to describe the spatial projection of a spacetime volume, such as that of a battle ship versus that of the seafloor. Therefore the projection is not unique. The property P7 took place at is a shortcut of the more fully developed path from E4 Period through P158 occupied, E92 Spacetime Volume P161 has spatial projection to E53 Place. Examples:

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P161_has_spatial_projection

This property is a object property.


The domain of this property is E92 Spacetime Volume
The range of this property is E53 Place

P162 is restricted by (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property relates an E93 Spacetime Snapshot with an arbitrary E92Spacetime Volume that restricts the extent of the former to a volume equal to or within the latter. Examples:

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P162_is_restricted_by

This property is a object property.


The domain of this property is E93 Spacetime Snapshot
The range of this property is E92 Spacetime Volume

P163 is restricted by (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property relates an E93 Spacetime Snapshot with an arbitrary instance of E53 Place that restricts the extent of the former to a volume within the back-projection of the instance of E53 Place to all times. If the instance of E53 Place is defined in two dimensions only, such as the footprint of a building, the place needs also to be back-projected into the third dimension. Examples:

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P163_is_restricted_by

This property is a object property.


The domain of this property is E93 Spacetime Snapshot
The range of this property is E53 Place

P164 is restricted by (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property relates an E93 Spacetime Snapshot with an arbitrary E52 Time-Span that restricts the extent of the former to a volume within these time limits.   Examples:

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P164_is_restricted_by

This property is a object property.


The domain of this property is E93 Spacetime Snapshot
The range of this property is E52 Time-Span

P17 motivated (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P17i_motivated

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P17 was motivated by
The domain of this property is E1 CRM Entity
The range of this property is E7 Activity
This property is a sub property of P15 influenced

P17 was motivated by (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property describes an item or items that are regarded as a reason for carrying out the E7 Activity. For example, the discovery of a large hoard of treasure may call for a celebration, an order from head quarters can start a military manoeuvre. Examples: - the resignation of the chief executive (E7) was motivated by the collapse of Swiss Air (E68); - the coronation of Elizabeth II (E7) was motivated by the death of George VI (E69)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P17_was_motivated_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P17 motivated
The domain of this property is E7 Activity
The range of this property is E1 CRM Entity
This property is a sub property of P15 was influenced by

P19 was intended use of (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property relates an E7 Activity with objects created specifically for use in the activity. This is distinct from the intended use of an item in some general type of activity such as the book of common prayer which was intended for use in Church of England services (see P101 had as general use (was use of)). Examples: - Lady Diana Spencer's wedding dress (E71) was made for Wedding of Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer (E7) mode use of To Be Worn (E55)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P19_was_intended_use_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P19 was made for
The domain of this property is E7 Activity
The range of this property is E71 Man-Made Thing

P19 was made for (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P19i_was_made_for

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P19 was intended use of
The domain of this property is E71 Man-Made Thing
The range of this property is E7 Activity

P2 has type (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property allows sub typing of CRM entities - a form of specialisation – through the use of a terminological hierarchy, or thesaurus. The CRM is intended to focus on the high-level entities and relationships needed to describe data structures. Consequently, it does not specialise entities any further than is required for this immediate purpose. However, entities in the isA hierarchy of the CRM may by specialised into any number of sub entities, which can be defined in the E55 Type hierarchy. E51 Contact Point, for example, may be specialised into "e-mail address", "telephone number", "post office box", "URL" etc. none of which figures explicitly in the CRM hierarchy. Sub typing obviously requires consistency between the meaning of the terms assigned and the more general intent of the CRM entity in question. Examples: - "enquiries@cidoc-crm.org" (E51) has type e-mail address (E55)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P2_has_type

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P2 is type of
The domain of this property is E1 CRM Entity
The range of this property is E55 Type
This property is a super property of P137 exemplifies

P2 is type of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P2i_is_type_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P2 has type
The domain of this property is E55 Type
The range of this property is E1 CRM Entity
This property is a super property of P137 is exemplified by

P20 had specific purpose (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the relationship between a preparatory activity and the event it is intended to be preparation for. This includes activities, orders and other organisational actions, taken in preparation for other activities or events. P20 had specific purpose (was purpose of) implies that an activity succeeded in achieving its aim. If it does not succeed, such as the setting of a trap that did not catch anything, one may document the unrealized intention using P21 had general purpose (was purpose of):E55 Type and/or P33 used specific technique (was used by): E29 Design or Procedure. Examples: - Van Eyck's pigment grinding in 1432 (E7) had specific purpose the painting of the Ghent alter piece (E12)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P20_had_specific_purpose

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P20 was purpose of
The domain of this property is E7 Activity
The range of this property is E5 Event

P20 was purpose of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P20i_was_purpose_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P20 had specific purpose
The domain of this property is E5 Event
The range of this property is E7 Activity

P21 had general purpose (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property describes an intentional relationship between an E7 Activity and some general goal or purpose. This may involve activities intended as preparation for some type of activity or event. P21 had general purpose (was purpose of) differs from P20 had specific purpose (was purpose of) in that no occurrence of an event is implied as the purpose. Examples: - Van Eyck's pigment grinding (E7) had general purpose painting (E55) - the setting of trap 2742 on May 17th 1874 (E7) had general purpose Catching Moose (E55) (Activity type)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P21_had_general_purpose

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P21 was purpose of
The domain of this property is E7 Activity
The range of this property is E55 Type

P21 was purpose of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P21i_was_purpose_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P21 had general purpose
The domain of this property is E55 Type
The range of this property is E7 Activity

P22 acquired title through (Property) object property inverse functional property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P22i_acquired_title_through

This property is a inverse functional, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P22 transferred title to
The range of this property is E8 Acquisition
This property is a sub property of P14 performed

P22 transferred title to (Property) object property functional property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the E39 Actor that acquires the legal ownership of an object as a result of an E8 Acquisition. The property will typically describe an Actor purchasing or otherwise acquiring an object from another Actor. However, title may also be acquired, without any corresponding loss of title by another Actor, through legal fieldwork such as hunting, shooting or fishing. In reality the title is either transferred to or from someone, or both. Examples: - acquisition of the Amoudrouz collection by the Geneva Ethnography Museum (E8) transferred title to Geneva Ethnography Museum (E74)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P22_transferred_title_to

This property is a functional, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P22 acquired title through
The domain of this property is E8 Acquisition
This property is a sub property of P14 carried out by

P23 surrendered title through (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P23i_surrendered_title_through

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P23 transferred title from
The range of this property is E8 Acquisition
This property is a sub property of P14 performed

P23 transferred title from (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the E39 Actor or Actors who relinquish legal ownership as the result of an E8 Acquisition. The property will typically be used to describe a person donating or selling an object to a museum. In reality title is either transferred to or from someone, or both. Examples: - acquisition of the Amoudrouz collection by the Geneva Ethnographic Museum (E8) transferred title from Heirs of Amoudrouz (E74)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P23_transferred_title_from

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P23 surrendered title through
The domain of this property is E8 Acquisition
This property is a sub property of P14 carried out by

P24 changed ownership through (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P24i_changed_ownership_through

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P24 transferred title of
The domain of this property is E18 Physical Thing
The range of this property is E8 Acquisition

P24 transferred title of (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the E18 Physical Thing or things involved in an E8 Acquisition. In reality, an acquisition must refer to at least one transferred item. Examples: - acquisition of the Amoudrouz collection by the Geneva Ethnographic Museum (E8) transferred title of Amoudrouz Collection (E78)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P24_transferred_title_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P24 changed ownership through
The domain of this property is E8 Acquisition
The range of this property is E18 Physical Thing

P25 moved (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the E19 Physical Object that is moved during a move event. The property implies the object's passive participation. For example, Monet's painting "Impression sunrise" was moved for the first Impressionist exhibition in 1874. In reality, a move must concern at least one object. Examples: - Monet's "Impression sunrise" (E22) moved by preparations for the First Impressionist Exhibition (E9)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P25_moved

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P25 moved by
The domain of this property is E9 Move
The range of this property is E19 Physical Object
This property is a sub property of P12 occurred in the presence of

P25 moved by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P25i_moved_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P25 moved
The domain of this property is E19 Physical Object
The range of this property is E9 Move
This property is a sub property of P12 was present at

P26 moved to (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the destination of a E9 Move. A move will be linked to a destination, such as the move of an artefact from storage to display. A move may be linked to many terminal instances of E53 Places. In this case the move describes a distribution of a set of objects. The area of the move includes the origin, route and destination. Examples: - the movement of Tut-Ankh-Amun Exhibition (E9) moved to The British Museum (E53)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P26_moved_to

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P26 was destination of
The domain of this property is E9 Move
The range of this property is E53 Place
This property is a sub property of P7 took place at

P26 was destination of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P26i_was_destination_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P26 moved to
The domain of this property is E53 Place
The range of this property is E9 Move
This property is a sub property of P7 witnessed

P27 moved from (Property) object property transitive property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the starting E53 Place of an E9 Move. A move will be linked to an origin, such as the move of an artefact from storage to display. A move may be linked to many origins. In this case the move describes the picking up of a set of objects. The area of the move includes the origin, route and destination. Examples: - the movement of Tut-Ankh-Amun Exhibition (E9) moved from The Egyptian Museum in Cairo (E53)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P27_moved_from

This property is a transitive, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P27 was origin of
The domain of this property is E9 Move
The range of this property is E53 Place
This property is a sub property of P7 took place at

P27 was origin of (Property) object property transitive property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P27i_was_origin_of

This property is a transitive, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P27 moved from
The domain of this property is E53 Place
The range of this property is E9 Move
This property is a sub property of P7 witnessed

P28 custody surrendered by (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the E39 Actor or Actors who surrender custody of an instance of E18 Physical Thing in an E10 Transfer of Custody activity. The property will typically describe an Actor surrendering custody of an object when it is handed over to someone else's care. On occasion, physical custody may be surrendered involuntarily – through accident, loss or theft. In reality, custody is either transferred to someone or from someone, or both. Examples: - the Secure Deliveries Inc. crew (E40) surrendered custody through The delivery of the paintings by Secure Deliveries Inc. to the National Gallery (E10)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P28_custody_surrendered_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P28 surrendered custody through
The domain of this property is E10 Transfer of Custody
This property is a sub property of P14 carried out by

P28 surrendered custody through (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P28i_surrendered_custody_through

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P28 custody surrendered by
The range of this property is E10 Transfer of Custody
This property is a sub property of P14 performed

P29 custody received by (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the E39 Actor or Actors who receive custody of an instance of E18 Physical Thing in an E10 Transfer of Custody activity. The property will typically describe Actors receiving custody of an object when it is handed over from another Actor's care. On occasion, physical custody may be received involuntarily or illegally – through accident, unsolicited donation, or theft. In reality, custody is either transferred to someone or from someone, or both. Examples: - representatives of The National Gallery (E40) received custody through The delivery of the paintings of by Secure Delivieries Inc. to the National Gallery (E10)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P29_custody_received_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P29 received custody through
The domain of this property is E10 Transfer of Custody
This property is a sub property of P14 carried out by

P29 received custody through (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P29i_received_custody_through

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P29 custody received by
The range of this property is E10 Transfer of Custody
This property is a sub property of P14 performed

P3 has note (Property) datatype property Definition

Scope note: This property is a container for all informal descriptions about an object that have not been expressed in terms of CRM constructs. In particular it captures the characterisation of the item itself, its internal structures, appearance etc. Like property P2 has type (is type of), this property is a consequence of the restricted focus of the CRM. The aim is not to capture, in a structured form, everything that can be said about an item; indeed, the CRM formalism is not regarded as sufficient to express everything that can be said. Good practice requires use of distinct note fields for different aspects of a characterisation. The P3.1 has type property of P3 has note allows differentiation of specific notes, e.g. "construction", "decoration" etc. An item may have many notes, but a note is attached to a specific item. Examples: - coffee mug - OXCMS:1983.1.1 (E19) has note "chipped at edge of handle"

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P3_has_note

This property is a data property.


The domain of this property is E1 CRM Entity

P30 custody transferred through (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P30i_custody_transferred_through

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P30 transferred custody of
The domain of this property is E18 Physical Thing
The range of this property is E10 Transfer of Custody

P30 transferred custody of (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies an item or items of E18 Physical Thing concerned in an E10 Transfer of Custody activity. The property will typically describe the object that is handed over by an E39 Actor to another Actor's custody. On occasion, physical custody may be transferred involuntarily or illegally – through accident, unsolicited donation, or theft. Examples: - the delivery of paintings by Secure Deliveries Inc. to the National Gallery (E10) transferred custody of paintings from The Iveagh Bequest (E19)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P30_transferred_custody_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P30 custody transferred through
The domain of this property is E10 Transfer of Custody
The range of this property is E18 Physical Thing

P31 has modified (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the E24 Physical Man-Made Thing modified in an E11 Modification. If a modification is applied to a non-man-made object, it is regarded as an E22 Man-Made Object from that time onwards. Examples: - rebuilding of the Reichstag (E11) has modified the Reichstag in Berlin (E24)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P31_has_modified

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P31 was modified by
The domain of this property is E11 Modification
The range of this property is E24 Physical Man-Made Thing
This property is a sub property of P12 occurred in the presence of
This property is a super property of P108 has produced P110 augmented P112 diminished

P31 was modified by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P31i_was_modified_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P31 has modified
The domain of this property is E24 Physical Man-Made Thing
The range of this property is E11 Modification
This property is a sub property of P12 was present at
This property is a super property of P108 was produced by P110 was augmented by P112 was diminished by

P32 used general technique (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the technique that was employed in an act of modification. These techniques should be drawn from an external E55 Type hierarchy of consistent terminology of general techniques such as embroidery, oil-painting, etc. Specific techniques may be further described as instances of E29 Design or Procedure. Examples: - ornamentation of silver cup 113 (E11) used general technique gold-plating (E55) (Design or Procedure Type)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P32_used_general_technique

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P32 was technique of
The domain of this property is E7 Activity
The range of this property is E55 Type
This property is a sub property of P125 used object of type

P32 was technique of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P32i_was_technique_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P32 used general technique
The domain of this property is E55 Type
The range of this property is E7 Activity
This property is a sub property of P125 was type of object used in

P33 used specific technique (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies a specific instance of E29 Design or Procedure in order to carry out an instance of E7 Activity or parts of it. The property differs from P32 used general technique (was technique of) in that P33 refers to an instance of E29 Design or Procedure, which is a concrete information object in its own right rather than simply being a term or a method known by tradition. Typical examples would include intervention plans for conservation or the construction plans of a building. Examples: - Ornamentation of silver cup 232 (E11) used specific technique 'Instructions for golden chase work by A N Other' (E29) - Rebuilding of Reichstag (E11) used specific technique Architectural plans by Foster and Partners (E29)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P33_used_specific_technique

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P33 was used by
The domain of this property is E7 Activity
The range of this property is E29 Design or Procedure
This property is a sub property of P16 used specific object

P33 was used by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P33i_was_used_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P33 used specific technique
The domain of this property is E29 Design or Procedure
The range of this property is E7 Activity
This property is a sub property of P16 was used for

P34 concerned (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the E18 Physical Thing that was assessed during an E14 Condition Assessment activity. Conditions may be assessed either by direct observation or using recorded evidence. In the latter case the E18 Physical Thing does not need to be present or extant. Examples: - 1997 condition assessment of the silver collection (E14) concerned silver cup 232 (E22)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P34_concerned

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P34 was assessed by
The domain of this property is E14 Condition Assessment
The range of this property is E18 Physical Thing
This property is a sub property of P140 assigned attribute to

P34 was assessed by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P34i_was_assessed_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P34 concerned
The domain of this property is E18 Physical Thing
The range of this property is E14 Condition Assessment
This property is a sub property of P140 was attributed by

P35 has identified (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the E3 Condition State that was observed in an E14 Condition Assessment activity. Examples: - 1997 condition assessment of silver cup 232 (E14) has identified oxidation traces were present in 1997 (E3) has type oxidation traces (E55)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P35_has_identified

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P35 was identified by
The domain of this property is E14 Condition Assessment
The range of this property is E3 Condition State
This property is a sub property of P141 assigned

P35 was identified by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P35i_was_identified_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P35 has identified
The domain of this property is E3 Condition State
The range of this property is E14 Condition Assessment
This property is a sub property of P141 was assigned by

P37 assigned (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property records the identifier that was assigned to an item in an Identifier Assignment activity. The same identifier may be assigned on more than one occasion. An Identifier might be created prior to an assignment. Examples: - 01 June 1997 Identifier Assignment of the silver cup donated by Martin Doerr (E15) assigned "232" (E42)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P37_assigned

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P37 was assigned by
The domain of this property is E15 Identifier Assignment
The range of this property is E42 Identifier
This property is a sub property of P141 assigned

P37 was assigned by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P37i_was_assigned_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P37 assigned
The domain of this property is E42 Identifier
The range of this property is E15 Identifier Assignment
This property is a sub property of P141 was assigned by

P38 deassigned (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property records the identifier that was deassigned from an instance of E1 CRM Entity. Deassignment of an identifier may be necessary when an item is taken out of an inventory, a new numbering system is introduced or items are merged or split up. The same identifier may be deassigned on more than one occasion. Examples: - 31 July 2001 Identifier Assignment of the silver cup OXCMS:2001.1.32 (E15) deassigned "232" (E42)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P38_deassigned

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P38 was deassigned by
The domain of this property is E15 Identifier Assignment
The range of this property is E42 Identifier
This property is a sub property of P141 assigned

P38 was deassigned by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P38i_was_deassigned_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P38 deassigned
The domain of this property is E42 Identifier
The range of this property is E15 Identifier Assignment
This property is a sub property of P141 was assigned by

P39 measured (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property associates an instance of E16 Measurement with the instance of E1 CRM Entity to which it applied. An instance of E1 CRM Entity may be measured more than once. Material and immaterial things and processes may be measured, e.g. the number of words in a text, or the duration of an event. Examples: - 31 August 1997 measurement of height of silver cup 232 (E16) measured silver cup 232 (E22)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P39_measured

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P39 was measured by
The domain of this property is E16 Measurement
The range of this property is E1 CRM Entity
This property is a sub property of P140 assigned attribute to

P39 was measured by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P39i_was_measured_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P39 measured
The domain of this property is E1 CRM Entity
The range of this property is E16 Measurement
This property is a sub property of P140 was attributed by

P4 has time-span (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property describes the temporal confinement of an instance of an E2 Temporal Entity. The related E52 Time-Span is understood as the real Time-Span during which the phenomena were active, which make up the temporal entity instance. It does not convey any other meaning than a positioning on the "time-line" of chronology. The Time-Span in turn is approximated by a set of dates (E61 Time Primitive). A temporal entity can have in reality only one Time-Span, but there may exist alternative opinions about it, which we would express by assigning multiple Time-Spans. Related temporal entities may share a Time-Span. Time-Spans may have completely unknown dates but other descriptions by which we can infer knowledge. Examples: - the Yalta Conference (E7) has time-span Yalta Conference time-span (E52)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P4_has_time-span

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P4 is time-span of
The domain of this property is E2 Temporal Entity
The range of this property is E52 Time-Span

P4 is time-span of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P4i_is_time-span_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P4 has time-span
The domain of this property is E52 Time-Span
The range of this property is E2 Temporal Entity

P40 observed dimension (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property records the dimension that was observed in an E16 Measurement Event. E54 Dimension can be any quantifiable aspect of E70 Thing. Weight, image colour depth and monetary value are dimensions in this sense. One measurement activity may determine more than one dimension of one object. Dimensions may be determined either by direct observation or using recorded evidence. In the latter case the measured Thing does not need to be present or extant. Even though knowledge of the value of a dimension requires measurement, the dimension may be an object of discourse prior to, or even without, any measurement being made. Examples: - 31 August 1997 measurement of height of silver cup 232 (E16) observed dimension silver cup 232 height (E54) has unit mm (E58), has value 224 (E60)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P40_observed_dimension

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P40 was observed in
The domain of this property is E16 Measurement
The range of this property is E54 Dimension
This property is a sub property of P141 assigned

P40 was observed in (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P40i_was_observed_in

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P40 observed dimension
The domain of this property is E54 Dimension
The range of this property is E16 Measurement
This property is a sub property of P141 was assigned by

P41 classified (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property records the item to which a type was assigned in an E17 Type Assignment activity. Any instance of a CRM entity may be assigned a type through type assignment. Type assignment events allow a more detailed path from E1 CRM Entity through P41 classified (was classified), E17 Type Assignment, P42 assigned (was assigned by) to E55 Type for assigning types to objects compared to the shortcut offered by P2 has type (is type of). Examples: - 31 August 1997 classification of silver cup 232 (E17) classified silver cup 232 (E22)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P41_classified

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P41 was classified by
The domain of this property is E17 Type Assignment
The range of this property is E1 CRM Entity
This property is a sub property of P140 assigned attribute to

P41 was classified by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P41i_was_classified_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P41 classified
The domain of this property is E1 CRM Entity
The range of this property is E17 Type Assignment
This property is a sub property of P140 was attributed by

P42 assigned (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property records the type that was assigned to an entity by an E17 Type Assignment activity. Type assignment events allow a more detailed path from E1 CRM Entity through P41 classified (was classified by), E17 Type Assignment, P42 assigned (was assigned by) to E55 Type for assigning types to objects compared to the shortcut offered by P2 has type (is type of). For example, a fragment of an antique vessel could be assigned the type "attic red figured belly handled amphora" by expert A. The same fragment could be assigned the type "shoulder handled amphora" by expert B. A Type may be intellectually constructed independent from assigning an instance of it. Examples: - 31 August 1997 classification of silver cup 232 (E17) assigned goblet (E55)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P42_assigned

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P42 was assigned by
The domain of this property is E17 Type Assignment
The range of this property is E55 Type
This property is a sub property of P141 assigned

P42 was assigned by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P42i_was_assigned_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P42 assigned
The domain of this property is E55 Type
The range of this property is E17 Type Assignment
This property is a sub property of P141 was assigned by

P43 has dimension (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property records a E54 Dimension of some E70 Thing. It is a shortcut of the more fully developed path from E70 Thing through P39 measured (was measured by), E16 Measurement P40 observed dimension (was observed in) to E54 Dimension. It offers no information about how and when an E54 Dimension was established, nor by whom. An instance of E54 Dimension is specific to an instance of E70 Thing. Examples: - silver cup 232 (E22) has dimension height of silver cup 232 (E54) has unit (P91) mm (E58), has value (P90) 224 (E60)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P43_has_dimension

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P43 is dimension of
The domain of this property is E70 Thing
The range of this property is E54 Dimension

P43 is dimension of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P43i_is_dimension_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P43 has dimension
The domain of this property is E54 Dimension
The range of this property is E70 Thing

P44 has condition (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the instances of E57 Materials of which an instance of E18 Physical Thing is composed. All physical things consist of physical materials. P45 consists of (is incorporated in) allows the different Materials to be recorded. P45 consists of (is incorporated in) refers here to observed Material as opposed to the consumed raw material. A Material, such as a theoretical alloy, may not have any physical instances. Examples: - silver cup 232 (E22) has condition oxidation traces were present in 1997 (E3) has type oxidation traces (E55).

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P44_has_condition

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P44 is condition of
The domain of this property is E18 Physical Thing
The range of this property is E3 Condition State

P44 is condition of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P44i_is_condition_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P44 has condition
The domain of this property is E3 Condition State
The range of this property is E18 Physical Thing

P45 consists of (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the instances of E57 Materials of which an instance of E18 Physical Thing is composed. All physical things consist of physical materials. P45 consists of (is incorporated in) allows the different Materials to be recorded. P45 consists of (is incorporated in) refers here to observed Material as opposed to the consumed raw material. A Material, such as a theoretical alloy, may not have any physical instances. silver cup 232 (E22) consists of silver (E57)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P45_consists_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P45 is incorporated in
The domain of this property is E18 Physical Thing
The range of this property is E57 Material

P45 is incorporated in (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P45i_is_incorporated_in

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P45 consists of
The domain of this property is E57 Material
The range of this property is E18 Physical Thing

P46 forms part of (Property) object property transitive property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P46i_forms_part_of

This property is a transitive, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P46 is composed of
The domain of this property is E18 Physical Thing
The range of this property is E18 Physical Thing
This property is a super property of P56 is found on

P46 is composed of (Property) object property transitive property Definition

Scope note: This property allows instances of E18 Physical Thing to be analysed into component elements. Component elements, since they are themselves instances of E18 Physical Thing, may be further analysed into sub-components, thereby creating a hierarchy of part decomposition. An instance of E18 Physical Thing may be shared between multiple wholes, for example two buildings may share a common wall. This property is intended to describe specific components that are individually documented, rather than general aspects. Overall descriptions of the structure of an instance of E18 Physical Thing are captured by the P3 has note property. The instances of E57 Materials of which an item of E18 Physical Thing is composed should be documented using P45 consists of (is incorporated in). Examples: - the Royal carriage (E22) forms part of the Royal train (E22) - the "Hog's Back" (E24) forms part of the "Fosseway" (E24)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P46_is_composed_of

This property is a transitive, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P46 forms part of
The domain of this property is E18 Physical Thing
The range of this property is E18 Physical Thing
This property is a super property of P56 bears feature

P48 has preferred identifier (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property records the preferred E42 Identifier that was used to identify an instance of E1 CRM Entity at the time this property was recorded. More than one preferred identifier may have been assigned to an item over time. Use of this property requires an external mechanism for assigning temporal validity to the respective CRM instance. P48 has preferred identifier (is preferred identifier of), is a shortcut for the path from E1 CRM Entity through P140 assigned attribute to (was attributed by), E15 Identifier Assignment, P37 assigned (was assigned by) to E42 Identifier. The fact that an identifier is a preferred one for an organisation can be better expressed in a context independent form by assigning a suitable E55 Type to the respective instance of E15 Identifier Assignment using the P2 has type property. Examples: - the pair of Lederhosen donated by Dr Martin Doerr (E22) has preferred identifier OXCMS:2001.1.32 (E42)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P48_has_preferred_identifier

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P48 is preferred identifier of
The range of this property is E42 Identifier
This property is a sub property of P1 is identified by

P48 is preferred identifier of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P48i_is_preferred_identifier_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P48 has preferred identifier
The domain of this property is E42 Identifier
This property is a sub property of P1 identifies

P49 has former or current keeper (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the E39 Actor or Actors who have or have had custody of an instance of E18 Physical Thing at some time. The distinction with P50 has current keeper (is current keeper of) is that P49 has former or current keeper (is former or current keeper of) leaves open the question as to whether the specified keepers are current. P49 has former or current keeper (is former or current keeper of) is a shortcut for the more detailed path from E18 Physical Thing through P30 transferred custody of (custody transferred through), E10 Transfer of Custody, P28 custody surrendered by (surrendered custody through) or P29 custody received by (received custody through) to E39 Actor. Examples: - paintings from The Iveagh Bequest (E18) has former or current keeper Secure Deliveries Inc. (E40)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P49_has_former_or_current_keeper

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P49 is former or current keeper of
The domain of this property is E18 Physical Thing
The range of this property is E39 Actor
This property is a super property of P109 has current or former curator P50 has current keeper

P49 is former or current keeper of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P49i_is_former_or_current_keeper_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P49 has former or current keeper
The domain of this property is E39 Actor
The range of this property is E18 Physical Thing
This property is a super property of P109 is current or former curator of P50 is current keeper of

P5 consists of (Property) object property transitive property Definition

Scope note: This property describes the decomposition of an E3 Condition State into discrete, subsidiary states. It is assumed that the sub-states into which the condition state is analysed form a logical whole - although the entire story may not be completely known – and that the sub-states are in fact constitutive of the general condition state. For example, a general condition state of "in ruins" may be decomposed into the individual stages of decay. Examples: - The Condition State of the ruined Parthenon (E3) consists of the bombarded state after the explosion of a Venetian shell in 1687 (E3)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P5_consists_of

This property is a transitive, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P5 forms part of
The domain of this property is E3 Condition State
The range of this property is E3 Condition State

P5 forms part of (Property) object property transitive property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P5i_forms_part_of

This property is a transitive, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P5 consists of
The domain of this property is E3 Condition State
The range of this property is E3 Condition State

P50 has current keeper (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the E39 Actor or Actors who had custody of an instance of E18 Physical Thing at the time of validity of the record or database containing the statement that uses this property. P50 has current keeper (is current keeper of) is a shortcut for the more detailed path from E18 Physical Thing through P30 transferred custody of (custody transferred through), E10 Transfer of Custody, P29 custody received by (received custody through) to E39 Actor. Examples: - painting from The Iveagh Bequest (E18) has current keeper The National Gallery (E40)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P50_has_current_keeper

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P50 is current keeper of
The domain of this property is E18 Physical Thing
This property is a sub property of P49 has former or current keeper

P50 is current keeper of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P50i_is_current_keeper_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P50 has current keeper
The range of this property is E18 Physical Thing
This property is a sub property of P49 is former or current keeper of

P51 has former or current owner (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the E39 Actor that is or has been the legal owner (i.e. title holder) of an instance of E18 Physical Thing at some time. The distinction with P52 has current owner (is current owner of) is that P51 has former or current owner (is former or current owner of) does not indicate whether the specified owners are current. P51 has former or current owner (is former or current owner of) is a shortcut for the more detailed path from E18 Physical Thing through P24 transferred title of (changed ownership through), E8 Acquisition, P23 transferred title from (surrendered title through), or P22 transferred title to (acquired title through) to E39 Actor. Examples: - paintings from the Iveagh Bequest (E18) has former or current owner Lord Iveagh (E21)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P51_has_former_or_current_owner

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P51 is former or current owner of
The domain of this property is E18 Physical Thing
The range of this property is E39 Actor
This property is a super property of P52 has current owner

P51 is former or current owner of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P51i_is_former_or_current_owner_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P51 has former or current owner
The domain of this property is E39 Actor
The range of this property is E18 Physical Thing
This property is a super property of P52 is current owner of

P52 has current owner (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies the E21 Person, E74 Group or E40 Legal Body that was the owner of an instance of E18 Physical Thing at the time of validity of the record or database containing the statement that uses this property. P52 has current owner (is current owner of) is a shortcut for the more detailed path from E18 Physical Thing through P24 transferred title of (changed ownership through), E8 Acquisition, P22 transferred title to (acquired title through) to E39 Actor, if and only if this acquisition event is the most recent. Examples: - paintings from the Iveagh Bequest (E18) has current owner «English Heritage» (E40)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P52_has_current_owner

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P52 is current owner of
The domain of this property is E18 Physical Thing
This property is a sub property of P105 right held by P51 has former or current owner

P52 is current owner of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P52i_is_current_owner_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P52 has current owner
The range of this property is E18 Physical Thing
This property is a sub property of P105 has right on P51 is former or current owner of

P53 has former or current location (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property allows an instance of E53 Place to be associated as the former or current location of an instance of E18 Physical Thing. In the case of E19 Physical Objects, the property does not allow any indication of the Time-Span during which the Physical Object was located at this Place, nor if this is the current location. In the case of immobile objects, the Place would normally correspond to the Place of creation. P53 has former or current location (is former or current location of) is a shortcut. A more detailed representation can make use of the fully developed (i.e. indirect) path from E19 Physical Object through P25 moved (moved by), E9 Move, P26 moved to (was destination of) or P27 moved from (was origin of) to E53 Place. Examples: - silver cup 232 (E22) has former or current location Display Case 4, Room 23, Museum of Oxford (E53)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P53_has_former_or_current_location

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P53 is former or current location of
The domain of this property is E18 Physical Thing
The range of this property is E53 Place
This property is a super property of P55 has current location

P53 is former or current location of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P53i_is_former_or_current_location_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P53 has former or current location
The domain of this property is E53 Place
The range of this property is E18 Physical Thing
This property is a super property of P55 currently holds

P54 has current permanent location (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property records the foreseen permanent location of an instance of E19 Physical Object at the time of validity of the record or database containing the statement that uses this property. P54 has current permanent location (is current permanent location of) is similar to P55 has current location (currently holds). However, it indicates the E53 Place currently reserved for an object, such as the permanent storage location or a permanent exhibit location. The object may be temporarily removed from the permanent location, for example when used in temporary exhibitions or loaned to another institution. The object may never actually be located at its permanent location. Examples: - silver cup 232 (E22) has current permanent location Shelf 3.1, Store 2, Museum of Oxford (E53)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P54_has_current_permanent_location

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P54 is current permanent location of
The domain of this property is E19 Physical Object
The range of this property is E53 Place

P54 is current permanent location of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P54i_is_current_permanent_location_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P54 has current permanent location
The domain of this property is E53 Place
The range of this property is E19 Physical Object

P55 currently holds (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P55i_currently_holds

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P55 has current location
The domain of this property is E53 Place
The range of this property is E19 Physical Object
This property is a sub property of P53 is former or current location of

P55 has current location (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property records the location of an E19 Physical Object at the time of validity of the record or database containing the statement that uses this property. This property is a specialisation of P53 has former or current location (is former or current location of). It indicates that the E53 Place associated with the E19 Physical Object is the current location of the object. The property does not allow any indication of how long the Object has been at the current location. P55 has current location (currently holds) is a shortcut. A more detailed representation can make use of the fully developed (i.e. indirect) path from E19 Physical Object through P25 moved (moved by), E9 Move P26 moved to (was destination of) to E53 Place if and only if this Move is the most recent. Examples: - silver cup 232 (E22) has current location Display cabinet 23, Room 4, British Museum (E53)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P55_has_current_location

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P55 currently holds
The domain of this property is E19 Physical Object
The range of this property is E53 Place
This property is a sub property of P53 has former or current location

P56 bears feature (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property links an instance of E19 Physical Object to an instance of E26 Physical Feature that it bears. An E26 Physical Feature can only exist on one object. One object may bear more than one E26 Physical Feature. An E27 Site should be considered as an E26 Physical Feature on the surface of the Earth. An instance B of E26 Physical Feature being a detail of the structure of another instance A of E26 Physical Feature can be linked to B by use of the property P46 is composed of (forms part of). This implies that the subfeature B is P56i found on the same E19 Physical Object as A. P56 bears feature (is found on) is a shortcut. A more detailed representation can make use of the fully developed (i.e. indirect) path from E19 Physical Object through P59 has section (is located on or within), E53 Place, P53 has former or current location (is former or current location of) to E26 Physical Feature. Examples: - silver cup 232 (E22) bears feature 32 mm scratch on silver cup 232 (E26)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P56_bears_feature

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P56 is found on
The domain of this property is E19 Physical Object
The range of this property is E26 Physical Feature
This property is a sub property of P46 is composed of

P56 is found on (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P56i_is_found_on

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P56 bears feature
The domain of this property is E26 Physical Feature
The range of this property is E19 Physical Object
This property is a sub property of P46 forms part of

P57 has number of parts (Property) datatype property Definition

Scope note: This property documents the number of parts of which an instance of E19 Physical Object is composed. This may be used as a method of checking inventory counts with regard to aggregate or collective objects. What constitutes a part or component depends on the context and requirements of the documentation. Normally, the parts documented in this way would not be considered as worthy of individual attention. For a more complete description, objects may be decomposed into their components and constituents using P46 is composed of (forms parts of) and P45 consists of (is incorporated in). This allows each element to be described individually. Examples: - chess set 233 (E22) has number of parts "33"

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P57_has_number_of_parts

This property is a data property.


The domain of this property is E19 Physical Object

P58 defines section (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P58i_defines_section

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P58 has section definition
The domain of this property is E46 Section Definition
The range of this property is E18 Physical Thing

P58 has section definition (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property links an area (section) named by a E46 Section Definition to the instance of E18 Physical Thing upon which it is found. The CRM handles sections as locations (instances of E53 Place) within or on E18 Physical Thing that are identified by E46 Section Definitions. Sections need not be discrete and separable components or parts of an object. This is part of a more developed path from E18 Physical Thing through P58, E46 Section Definition, P87 is identified by (identifies) that allows a more precise definition of a location found on an object than the shortcut P59 has section (is located on or within). A particular instance of a Section Definition only applies to one instance of Physical Thing. Examples: - HMS Victory (E22) has section definition "poop deck of HMS Victory" (E46)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P58_has_section_definition

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P58 defines section
The domain of this property is E18 Physical Thing
The range of this property is E46 Section Definition

P59 has section (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property links an area to the instance of E18 Physical Thing upon which it is found. It is typically used when a named E46 Section Definition is not appropriate. E18 Physical Thing may be subdivided into arbitrary regions. P59 has section (is located on or within) is a shortcut. If the E53 Place is identified by a Section Definition, a more detailed representation can make use of the fully developed (i.e. indirect) path from E18 Physical Thing through P58 has section definition (defines section), E46 Section Definition, P87 is identified by (identifies) to E53 Place. A Place can only be located on or within one Physical Object. Examples: - HMS Victory (E22) has section HMS Victory section B347.6 (E53)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P59_has_section

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P59 is located on or within
The domain of this property is E18 Physical Thing
The range of this property is E53 Place
This property is a sub property of P157 occupied

P59 is located on or within (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P59i_is_located_on_or_within

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P59 has section
The domain of this property is E53 Place
The range of this property is E18 Physical Thing
This property is a sub property of P157 is at rest relative to

P62 depicts (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies something that is depicted by an instance of E24 Physical Man-Made Thing. This property is a shortcut of the more fully developed path from E24 Physical Man-Made Thing through P65 shows visual item (is shown by), E36 Visual Item, P138 represents (has representation) to E1 CRM Entity. P62.1 mode of depiction allows the nature of the depiction to be refined. Examples: - the painting "La Liberté guidant le peuple" by Eugène Delacroix (E84) depicts the French "July Revolution" of 1830 (E7) - the 20 pence coin held by the Department of Coins and Medals of the British Museum under registration number 2006,1101.126 (E24) depicts Queen Elizabeth II (E21) mode of depiction Profile (E55)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P62_depicts

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P62 is depicted by
The domain of this property is E24 Physical Man-Made Thing
The range of this property is E1 CRM Entity

P62 is depicted by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P62i_is_depicted_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P62 depicts
The domain of this property is E1 CRM Entity
The range of this property is E24 Physical Man-Made Thing

P65 is shown by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P65i_is_shown_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P65 shows visual item
The domain of this property is E36 Visual Item
The range of this property is E24 Physical Man-Made Thing
This property is a sub property of P128 is carried by

P65 shows visual item (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property documents an E36 Visual Item shown by an instance of E24 Physical Man-Made Thing. This property is similar to P62 depicts (is depicted by) in that it associates an item of E24 Physical Man-Made Thing with a visual representation. However, P65 shows visual item (is shown by) differs from the P62 depicts (is depicted by) property in that it makes no claims about what the E36 Visual Item is deemed to represent. E36 Visual Item identifies a recognisable image or visual symbol, regardless of what this image may or may not represent. For example, all recent British coins bear a portrait of Queen Elizabeth II, a fact that is correctly documented using P62 depicts (is depicted by). Different portraits have been used at different periods, however. P65 shows visual item (is shown by) can be used to refer to a particular portrait. P65 shows visual item (is shown by) may also be used for Visual Items such as signs, marks and symbols, for example the 'Maltese Cross' or the 'copyright symbol' that have no particular representational content. This property is part of the fully developed path from E24 Physical Man-Made Thing through P65 shows visual item (is shown by), E36 Visual Item, P138 represents (has representation) to E1 CRM Entity which is shortcut by, P62 depicts (is depicted by). Examples: - my T-Shirt (E22) shows visual item Mona Lisa (E38)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P65_shows_visual_item

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P65 is shown by
The domain of this property is E24 Physical Man-Made Thing
The range of this property is E36 Visual Item
This property is a sub property of P128 carries

P67 is referred to by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P67i_is_referred_to_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P67 refers to
The domain of this property is E1 CRM Entity
The range of this property is E89 Propositional Object
This property is a super property of P129 is subject of P138 has representation P68 use foreseen by P70 is documented in P71 is listed in

P67 refers to (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: An E73 Information Object may refer to any other E1 CRM Entity. This property documents that an E89 Propositional Object makes a statement about an instance of an E1 CRM Entity. P67 refers to (is referred to by) has the P67.1 has type link to an instance of E55 Type. This is intended to allow a more detailed description of the type of reference. This differs from P129 is about (is subject of), which describes the primary subject or subjects of the E89 Propositional Object. Examples: - the eBay auction listing for 4 July 2002 (E73) refers to silver cup 232 (E22) has type auction listing (E55)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P67_refers_to

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P67 is referred to by
The domain of this property is E89 Propositional Object
The range of this property is E1 CRM Entity
This property is a super property of P129 is about P138 represents P68 foresees use of P70 documents P71 lists

P68 foresees use of (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies an E57 Material foreseeen to be used by an E29 Design or Procedure. E29 Designs and procedures commonly foresee the use of particular E57 Materials. The fabrication of adobe bricks, for example, requires straw, clay and water. This property enables this to be documented. This property is not intended for the documentation of E57 Materials that were used on a particular occasion when an instance of E29 Design or Procedure was executed. Examples: - procedure for soda glass manufacture (E29) foresees use of soda (E57)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P68_foresees_use_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P68 use foreseen by
The domain of this property is E29 Design or Procedure
The range of this property is E57 Material
This property is a sub property of P67 refers to

P68 use foreseen by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P68i_use_foreseen_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P68 foresees use of
The domain of this property is E57 Material
The range of this property is E29 Design or Procedure
This property is a sub property of P67 is referred to by

P69 has association with (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property generalises relationships like whole-part, sequence, prerequisite or inspired by between instances of E29 Design or Procedure. Any instance of E29 Design or Procedure may be associated with other designs or procedures. The property is considered to be symmetrical unless otherwise indicated by P69.1 has type. The P69.1 has type property of P69 has association with allows the nature of the association to be specified reading from domain to range; examples of types of association between instances of E29 Design or Procedure include: has part, follows, requires, etc. The property can typically be used to model the decomposition of the description of a complete workflow into a series of separate procedures. Examples: - Procedure for glass blowing (E29) has association with procedure for glass heating (E29) - The set of instructions for performing Macbeth in Max Reinhardt's production in 1916 in Berlin at Deutsches Theater (E29) has association with the scene design drawing by Ernst Stern reproduced at http://www.glopad.org/pi/fr/record/digdoc/1003814 (E29) has type has part (E55) - Preparation of parchment (E29) has association with soaking and unhairing of skin (E29) has type ‘has part’ (E55). Preparation of parchment (E29) has association with stretching of skin (E29) has type ‘has part’ (E55). Stretching of skin (E29) has association with soaking and unhairing of skin (E29) has type ‘follows’ (E55).

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P69_has_association_with

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P69 is associated with
The domain of this property is E29 Design or Procedure
The range of this property is E29 Design or Procedure

P69 is associated with (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P69i_is_associated_with

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P69 has association with
The domain of this property is E29 Design or Procedure
The range of this property is E29 Design or Procedure

P7 took place at (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: his property describes the spatial location of an instance of E4 Period. The related E53 Place should be seen as an approximation of the geographical area within which the phenomena that characterise the period in question occurred. P7 took place at (witnessed) does not convey any meaning other than spatial positioning (generally on the surface of the earth). For example, the period "Révolution française" can be said to have taken place in "France", the "Victorian" period, may be said to have taken place in "Britain" and its colonies, as well as other parts of Europe and north America. A period can take place at multiple locations. Examples - the period "Révolution française" (E4) took place at France (E53)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P7_took_place_at

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P7 witnessed
The domain of this property is E4 Period
The range of this property is E53 Place
This property is a super property of P26 moved to P27 moved from

P7 witnessed (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P7i_witnessed

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P7 took place at
The domain of this property is E53 Place
The range of this property is E4 Period
This property is a super property of P26 was destination of P27 was origin of

P70 documents (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property describes the CRM Entities documented by instances of E31 Document. Documents may describe any conceivable entity, hence the link to the highest-level entity in the CRM hierarchy. This property is intended for cases where a reference is regarded as being of a documentary character, in the scholarly or scientific sense. Examples: - the British Museum catalogue (E31) documents the British Museum's Collection (E78)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P70_documents

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P70 is documented in
The domain of this property is E31 Document
The range of this property is E1 CRM Entity
This property is a sub property of P67 refers to

P70 is documented in (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P70i_is_documented_in

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P70 documents
The domain of this property is E1 CRM Entity
The range of this property is E31 Document
This property is a sub property of P67 is referred to by

P71 is listed in (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P71i_is_listed_in

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P71 lists
The domain of this property is E1 CRM Entity
The range of this property is E32 Authority Document
This property is a sub property of P67 is referred to by

P71 lists (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property documents a source E32 Authority Document for an instance of an E1 CRM Entity. Examples: - the Art & Architecture Thesaurus (E32) lists alcazars (E55)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P71_lists

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P71 is listed in
The domain of this property is E32 Authority Document
The range of this property is E1 CRM Entity
This property is a sub property of P67 refers to

P72 has language (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property describes the E56 Language of an E33 Linguistic Object. Linguistic Objects are composed in one or more human Languages. This property allows these languages to be documented. Examples: - the American Declaration of Independence (E33) has language 18th Century English (E56)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P72_has_language

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P72 is language of
The domain of this property is E33 Linguistic Object
The range of this property is E56 Language

P72 is language of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P72i_is_language_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P72 has language
The domain of this property is E56 Language
The range of this property is E33 Linguistic Object

P73 has translation (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property describes the source and target of instances of E33 Linguistic Object involved in a translation. When a Linguistic Object is translated into a new language it becomes a new Linguistic Object, despite being conceptually similar to the source object. Examples: - "Les Baigneurs" (E33) has translation "The Bathers" (E33)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P73_has_translation

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P73 is translation of
The domain of this property is E33 Linguistic Object
The range of this property is E33 Linguistic Object
This property is a sub property of P130 shows features of

P73 is translation of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P73i_is_translation_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P73 has translation
The domain of this property is E33 Linguistic Object
The range of this property is E33 Linguistic Object
This property is a sub property of P130 features are also found on

P74 has current or former residence (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property describes the current or former E53 Place of residence of an E39 Actor. The residence may be either the Place where the Actor resides, or a legally registered address of any kind. Examples: - Queen Elizabeth II (E39) has current or former residence Buckingham Palace (E53)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P74_has_current_or_former_residence

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P74 is current or former residence of
The domain of this property is E39 Actor
The range of this property is E53 Place

P74 is current or former residence of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P74i_is_current_or_former_residence_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P74 has current or former residence
The domain of this property is E53 Place
The range of this property is E39 Actor

P75 is possessed by (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P75i_is_possessed_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P75 possesses
The domain of this property is E30 Right
The range of this property is E39 Actor

P75 possesses (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies former or current instances of E30 Rights held by an E39 Actor. Examples: - Michael Jackson (E21) possesses Intellectual property rights on the Beatles' back catalogue (E30)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P75_possesses

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P75 is possessed by
The domain of this property is E39 Actor
The range of this property is E30 Right

P76 has contact point (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies an E51 Contact Point of any type that provides access to an E39 Actor by any communication method, such as e-mail or fax. Examples: - RLG (E40) has contact point "bl.ric@rlg.org" (E51)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P76_has_contact_point

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P76 provides access to
The domain of this property is E39 Actor
The range of this property is E51 Contact Point

P76 provides access to (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P76i_provides_access_to

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P76 has contact point
The domain of this property is E51 Contact Point
The range of this property is E39 Actor

P78 identifies (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P78i_identifies

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P78 is identified by
The domain of this property is E49 Time Appellation
The range of this property is E52 Time-Span
This property is a sub property of P1 identifies

P78 is identified by (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property identifies an E52 Time-Span using an E49 Time Appellation. Examples: - the time span 1926 to 1988 (E52) is identified by "Showa" (Japanese time appellation) (E49)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P78_is_identified_by

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P78 identifies
The domain of this property is E52 Time-Span
The range of this property is E49 Time Appellation
This property is a sub property of P1 is identified by

P79 beginning is qualified by (Property) datatype property Definition

Scope note: This property qualifies the beginning of an E52 Time-Span in some way. The nature of the qualification may be certainty, precision, source etc. Examples: - the time-span of the Holocene (E52) beginning is qualified by "approximately"

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P79_beginning_is_qualified_by

This property is a data property.


The domain of this property is E52 Time-Span

P8 took place on or within (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property describes the location of an instance of E4 Period with respect to an E19 Physical Object. P8 took place on or within (witnessed) is a short-cut of a path defining a E53 Place with respect to the geometry of an object. cf. E46 Section Definition. This property is in effect a special case of P7 took place at. It describes a period that can be located with respect to the space defined by an E19 Physical Object such as a ship or a building. The precise geographical location of the object during the period in question may be unknown or unimportant. For example, the French and German armistice of 22 June 1940 was signed in the same railway carriage as the armistice of 11 November 1918. Examples: - the coronation of Queen Elisabeth II (E7) took place on or within Westminster Abbey (E19)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P8_took_place_on_or_within

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P8 witnessed
The domain of this property is E4 Period
The range of this property is E18 Physical Thing

P8 witnessed (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P8i_witnessed

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P8 took place on or within
The domain of this property is E18 Physical Thing
The range of this property is E4 Period

P80 end is qualified by (Property) datatype property Definition

Scope note: This property qualifies the end of an E52 Time-Span in some way. The nature of the qualification may be certainty, precision, source etc. Examples: - the time-span of the Holocene (E52) end is qualified by "approximately"

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P80_end_is_qualified_by

This property is a data property.


The domain of this property is E52 Time-Span

P81 ongoing throughout (Property) datatype property Definition

Scope note: This property describes the minimum period of time covered by an E52 Time-Span. Since Time-Spans may not have precisely known temporal extents, the CRM supports statements about the minimum and maximum temporal extents of Time-Spans. This property allows a Time-Span's minimum temporal extent (i.e. its inner boundary) to be assigned a value. Examples: - the time-span of the development of the CIDOC CRM (E52) ongoing throughout "1996-2002"

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P81_ongoing_throughout

This property is a data property.


The domain of this property is E52 Time-Span

P82 at some time within (Property) datatype property Definition

Scope note: This property describes the maximum period of time within which an E52 Time-Span falls. Since Time-Spans may not have precisely known temporal extents, the CRM supports statements about the minimum and maximum temporal extents of Time-Spans. This property allows a Time-Span's maximum temporal extent (i.e. its outer boundary) to be assigned a value. Examples: - the time-span of the development of the CIDOC CRM (E52) at some time within "1992-infinity"

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P82_at_some_time_within

This property is a data property.


The domain of this property is E52 Time-Span

P83 had at least duration (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property describes the minimum length of time covered by an E52 Time-Span. It allows an E52 Time-Span to be associated with an E54 Dimension representing it's minimum duration (i.e. it's inner boundary) independent from the actual beginning and end. Examples: - the time span of the Battle of Issos 333 B.C.E. (E52) had at least duration Battle of Issos minimum duration (E54) has unit (P91) day (E58) has value (P90) 1 (E60)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P83_had_at_least_duration

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P83 was minimum duration of
The domain of this property is E52 Time-Span
The range of this property is E54 Dimension

P83 was minimum duration of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P83i_was_minimum_duration_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P83 had at least duration
The domain of this property is E54 Dimension
The range of this property is E52 Time-Span

P84 had at most duration (Property) object property Definition

Scope note: This property describes the maximum length of time covered by an E52 Time-Span. It allows an E52 Time-Span to be associated with an E54 Dimension representing it's maximum duration (i.e. it's outer boundary) independent from the actual beginning and end. Examples: - the time span of the Battle of Issos 333 B.C.E. (E52) had at most duration Battle of Issos maximum duration (E54) has unit (P91) day (E58) has value (P90) 2 (E60)

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P84_had_at_most_duration

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P84 was maximum duration of
The domain of this property is E52 Time-Span
The range of this property is E54 Dimension

P84 was maximum duration of (Property) object property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P84i_was_maximum_duration_of

This property is a object property.


This property is a inverse property of P84 had at most duration
The domain of this property is E54 Dimension
The range of this property is E52 Time-Span

P86 contains (Property) object property transitive property Definition

{{No description available}} info

Definition

The URI of this property is http://erlangen-crm.org/current/P86i_contains

This property is a transitive, object property.


This property is a inverse property of P86 falls within
The domain of this property is E52 Time-Span
The range of this property is E52 Time-Span